Thuja: planting and care – the green pyramids of the living hedges and shady alleys in our garden

Content

  • Kinds
  • The nuances of care
  • Landing
  • Watering
  • Make-up
  • Breeding
  • Pruning
  • Thuya disease

Evergreen tree with soft needles and a spicy aroma – thuja takes one of the leading positions in landscape design. The picturesque rows of emerald pyramids transform and London parks, and Central Russian gardens. Native American and The eastern regions of Asia, thuja has taken root on European soil. However, not all of its species adapted to the climate of the northern latitudes.

Evergreen thuja in landscape design

Landscaping evergreen thuja

"Стенка" из туй на заднем дворе

“Стенка” из туй на заднем дворе

Fluffy little thuja

Fluffy little thuja

Designer pruning a thuja tree

Thuja designer pruning

Some varieties of arborvitae may become slightly yellow in the fall

Some varieties of arborvitae may become slightly yellow in the autumn.

Kinds

In the Cypress family, thuja is represented by 5 species, three of which grow in North America, and two in East Asian countries. Of these, only one, thuja western (Thuja occidentalis), was able to become a full representative of the flora northern latitudes. All varieties of arborvitae used in landscaping Russian cities belong to this species, differing only in form crowns, shades of needles and height. Given this, we have prepared for you a description of the types and varieties of thuja western, more common than others in decorative landings.

Some of the most popular varieties include: Brabant, Smaragd, Columna, Sunkist, Wagneri (Wagneri) and Danica.

Thuja Brabant reaches a height of 5 meters, the crown of the tree gives a width of 1.5 meters. Needles expressed green, a little brown in the winter. Prefers fertile moist, resistant to frost up to 35 degrees and has a high increase in growth (per year grow by 30-35 cm).

Thuja Brabant grows to 5 meters in height

Thuja Brabant grows to 5 meters in height

Slender thuja western Smaragd is loved many gardeners and designers. It retains a bright green color. needles in the winter. The height of the tree varies from 3 to 5 meters, the crown formed into a dense pyramid. Grows slowly, lives long (to 150 years), so it can often be found in the landscape of old parks. It is represented by several varieties: Variegata, used in tapeworms, and Golden, preferring suburban territories and with difficulty settling in smoky cities.

Thuja Smaragd has the shape of a pyramid

Thuja Smaragd has the shape of a pyramid

Thuja Kolumna has a columnar crown and ideal for the formation of hedges. It grows to 7 meters and pleases the eye with dark green needles in all seasons.

Sankist – thuja bush, with a dense crown, the conical shape of which is artistically broken easy disheveled branches. Growth is slow and adult the tree does not grow more than 5 meters. It responds poorly to drought and быстро теряет внешнюю привлекательность.Thuja Sankist - a small fluffy bush

Туя Санкист — небольшой пушистый куст

Thuja Wagneri forms an ovoid crown and it is with pleasure used by designers for solitary landings. An unusual shape and a pleasant, dull green color of the needles attract to tree attention of many amateur gardeners.

Crohn thuja Wagneri has an ovoid shape

Crohn thuja Wagneri has an ovoid shape

Danica is a dwarf form plants representing a spherical bush with a height of not more than 80 cm and with a crown diameter of 1 m. It looks great in borders and often used as a central facility on flowerbeds.

Dwarf thuja Danica has a spherical shape

Dwarf thuja Danica has a spherical shape

The nuances of care

Thuja can be attributed to unpretentious plants, but this does not mean stick a branch in the sand, and it will bloom. Planting and caring for thuja include several important points, without which it is impossible to achieve a positive response from the tree in the form of thick crowns and bright green needles.

Thuja is a rather unpretentious tree

Thuja – a fairly unpretentious tree

Landing

A lover of sunlight, thuja suffers from constant dimming, but tolerates weak partial shade. For planting thuja in the hedge, you must observe the distance between seedlings of 2 meters. If you plan to create an alley, then distribute the trees 4 meters apart.

Thuja loves is in direct sunlight

Thuya loves is in direct sunlight

A pit under the thuja is dug to a depth of 60-70 cm and with a diameter of about one meter. At its bottom is laid a nutrient mixture of turf land, humus, peat and sand. Then the root com is installed, the neck of the root should be at the same level with the soil.

Advice! It is useful to feed the seedling after planting growth regulator “Epin” at the rate of 1 ampoule per five liters of water.

Thuja tree needs to be fed periodically

Thuja tree needs to be fed periodically

Watering

After planting a seedling, it should be watered once a week, pouring 10 liters of water under each tree. If the weather is dry and warm, increase the dose to 20 liters for each plant. An adult thuja is watered once a month and resorted to spraying the crown in the hot summer. This is due to the feature of the needles of the plant to evaporate a large amount of moisture.

An adult thuja is enough to water once a month

An adult thuja is enough to water once a month

Make-up

Any thuja in the spring requires feeding with complex fertilizers, with mineral and organic components. Required mulching the soil since the tree superficial root system.

In the spring, the thuja tree needs to be fertilized

In the spring, a thuja tree needs to be fertilized

Breeding

To breed thuja use seeds and cuttings. If you pick the seeds, get ready for the long wait. A tree Suitable for planting in open ground, it will form in about five years. The seeds themselves are taken from cones collected in the fall. Bumps needed put in a warm place and wait until they open. The prepared material is sown in moist soil, covered with coniferous lapnikom and close shields from the sun.

To breed thuja use seeds and cuttings

To breed thuja use seeds and cuttings

When grafting, thuja care begins with a greenhouse, where young shoots are planted. Humidity in the room should make up 70%. In addition, free access is required. Sveta. To planted cuttings do not rot, the greenhouse periodically air. For reproduction choose 50-70 centimeter lateral shoots. The composition of the soil is introduced by river sand, peat and sod land in in equal proportions.

Important! Note that from the seeds you get only the type of thuja, all the decorative properties inherent the adult with whom the seeds were taken, young plants will lose. However, they are more hardy than plants grown from cuttings.

Thuja grown from seeds, more hardy than thuja grown from cuttings

Thuja grown from seeds, more hardy than thuja grown from cuttings

Pruning

Thuja a priori excellent material for trimming and shaping artistic images. She perfectly transfers any fantasies designers and easily accepts growth conditions. Spiral cone ball, the column – traditional images for the thuja, but skilled gardeners add the tree has the most diverse, sometimes even fantastic outlines. IN some parks can be seen walking elephants, jumping hares and frogs, funny little men and cute poodles carved from the crown thuja.

Tui, cut under a hedge and in the form of balls

Thujas cut under a hedge and in the shape of balls

Spiral Creative Trimming Thuja

Spiral Creative Trimming Thuja

Thuya disease

Checking for thuja diseases begins in early spring. If new the shoots of the tree turn brown, they should be removed immediately, as it is obvious sign of fungal infection. Remaining healthy plants sprayed with 2% diluted Fundazole throughout summers and until October.

A healthy well-groomed thuja will decorate your yard

Healthy groomed thuja will decorate your yard

Another enemy of the thuja is a false shield that hits the trunk small yellow sores. You can remove it using Karbofos or Actellica, which also help in the fight against aphids.

Important! About Thuja Poor Care will signal you with a yellowed top and falling leaves. Consider all our recommendations, and then your pyramidal beauty will always be healthy.

Thuja goes well with other plants

Thuja goes well with other plants

Spherically circumcised thuja

Spherically cropped thuja

Thuja – video:

Thuja – photo:

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