The history of the Russian bath

History of the Russian bath Table of contents:

  • 1 The appearance of baths
  • 2 baths until the 18th century
  • 3 Baths after the 18th century
  • 4 Bath or sauna
  • 5 videos

Baths in Russia have been built since time immemorial. It is known that, when the chronicler Nestor began his work, these structures are already were very popular. Many Europeans have tried adopt the tradition of Russian, however, those analogues of baths that built in Europe, had significant differences from the original constructions. First of all, this is due to the fact that not one the western man could not endure such a heat that was so Loved by Russians.

The appearance of baths

The history of the Russian bathRussians began to use baths even before the adoption of Christianity. However the history of the appearance of these structures is unknown. Some researchers believe that baths came from Sparta, others attribute their creation to the Arabs. However, both versions are implausible. The history of the Russian bath is completely independent. After all, in Russia There is even a special way to wash. There are also many things connected with the bathhouse. traditions, beliefs and myths.

Baths until the 18th century

Until the 18th centuryUntil the 18th century

Until the 18th century, several customs were associated with the bathhouse.

  1. The next morning, the couple after making love had to be together take a bath. Only after that they could go to home altar and pray. It was believed that the bath can remove all sins. what Regarding church attendance, only spouses could come there two days after the joy of joy. It concerned both ordinary people, and the royal couple.
  2. The bathhouse was an integral attribute of the wedding ritual. After On the wedding night, the newlyweds soared together. When they went out from the bath, the matchmaker served them a special dish. This food the day before cooked the mother of the bride. The food was sewn into a tablecloth, and then matchmaking in front of the young, when they had already washed.

During this period, the custom was widespread among lovers of a strong couple to steam in the oven. Today, few practice this method.

Baths after the 18th century

After the 18th centuryAfter the 18th century

Until the 18th century, baths existed in every person. Only the most the poor could not afford to build a bath. After 18 centuries, public baths have spread. IN in particular, the most popular and largest were baths in the capital.

Bathhouses were once an integral part of lifestyle Russian people. However, with the growth of cities, they became gradually replaced by more comfortable baths and showers in such conditions. True, lovers of steam and today have the opportunity to visit one of the city baths. In the late 20th – early 21st centuries, fashion entered saunas.

Bath or sauna

Features of the saunaSauna Features

Not everyone knows the difference between a bathhouse and a sauna. In fact there are differences, and quite substantial.

If ideally the humidity in the room where people live should be be about 60%, then in the sauna it does not exceed 20%.

  1. Humidity. The air in the bath is humid. It’s dry in the sauna, which isn’t very beneficial effect on the upper respiratory tract.
  2. Temperature. In the sauna, you can create a higher temperature. This is due to both dry air and the special arrangement of stones. So, if in the bath the heat below does not usually exceed 70 degrees, then in sauna, it can be about 100 degrees.
  3. Infrastructure. The sauna has a pool or cold bath water. Massage tables can also be found here. Baths not equipped with such devices.
  4. The method of steaming. In the baths, they take a steam bath with a broom, this is traditional way. In a sauna, brooms are completely useless. Leaves dry right there due to low humidity, and no positive effect it turns out.

The history of the Russian bath

After steaming red hot in the bathhouse, a Russian person often ran out out. Nearby was a river or lake where a person could dive and rinse. Often after this he again went to the bathhouse and continued to steam. In the cold season, you could even rubbed with snow.

Sauna already includes a swimming pool. In addition, stones in the sauna located openly. This allows you to create elevated temperatures. due to steam.

Despite the differences, the bath and sauna have something in common. Both designs can be drowned “in black” or “in white”.


The general concept of the bath is available in the following video:

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