Bath stones – a source of much-needed steam
Choosing stones for a bath (which is better, longer, comparing the cost, etc.), it should be borne in mind that they are not just an important attribute of the steam room, but the main “producer” steam, precisely from the contact of water with heated stones and steam is formed. And from how correctly selected stones for the stove in the bath, it depends a lot on how much high-quality and light will be steam in the bath.
- What stones are used for a bath: general regulations
- Types of stones for a bath: choose the best
- Stones for a bath – video, photo
The quality of the steam directly depends on the selected stones.
What stones are used for a bath: general regulations
To begin, consider general recommendations on how to choose stones for baths:
- heat resistance – i.e. ability stones to withstand thermal effects without losing their properties and qualities. This parameter is characterized by the number of cycles. heating / cooling that the stone can withstand before signs of destruction will appear. This is a very important parameter for bath stones that will have to repeatedly experience a “shock” reaction – after water is splashed on a hot stone, it happens sharp and at the same time – uneven cooling
The more heat resistance the stones have, the more they will last
- heat capacity – shows how much quickly the stone warms up and is able to store heat. At high heat capacity there is no need to constantly be distracted from steam rooms procedures and toss firewood into the furnace, and for an electric stove – help save energy through heat stored stone
High heat capacity of stones will allow you to spend less time on maintaining the right amount of steam
- homogeneity – stones should be without inclusions – it can be mica, another breed or large grains of sand. If available, due to uneven heating, the structure of the stone begins to delaminate, crumble. And although the “extreme” cases when stones with impurities literally get into water exploded, rare enough, in most cases it’s just leads to rapid wear of stones. In addition, stones should not to have cracks – if possible, during the selection of stones according to you can beat it well with a hammer or just knock each other about friend
Homogeneity is another parameter responsible for durability. stone
Stones should be inspected before use.
- shape and size are best Use rounded and smooth shapes. This form is optimal promotes circulation and distribution of heated air (and it means that the air warms up faster and better) and the formation of steam. In addition, smooth stones better resist cracking.
A smooth shape for bath stones is preferable
Tip! Check the stone for home fitness is simple enough – you just need heat it up and throw it in water. If at the same time it does not split and from bubbles didn’t go to it – we can assume that the stone passed verification.
A small check will quickly determine the suitability of the stone for a bath
When calculating the required amount of stone use simplified form – 6 kg of stones per 1 m2 of the steam room. In this case, the stones lay in the following order – the very bottom is laid large, then medium sized, and already at the very top – the most small (with a diameter of 5-6 cm, it’s just not worth laying less). And for electric furnaces need to pick up small stones – between the grates Tenov distance is very small, therefore, to avoid voids and to increase the heat capacity of the furnace, it is necessary to lay more stones.
When laying stones it is also necessary to take into account their sizes and lay them out accordingly
The size of the stones for the bath is most important for electric furnaces
Tip! Over time, the stones any breed is a deterioration in quality indicators, due to numerous heating / cooling, they can begin to crumble, the rate of heat transfer coefficient decreases. Therefore once a year it is necessary to completely sort the stones, inspect, removing cracked, and rinse them.
Types of stones for a bath: choose the best
Based on the foregoing, we can immediately determine which it is better not to use stones for a bath and a sauna. Primarily, stones from sedimentary rocks are categorically not suitable – they have high hydrophilicity and low heat resistance, therefore quickly begin to crumble. Not suitable for a granite bath – in it excessively silica. Do not pick stones along Railways – due to their processing with creosote, the bath will stand bad smell.
Among the various types of stones, there are several most appropriate for the bath
River pebbles are good – it’s better to select slightly flattened, it will make a dense, good styling, which will improve the heat dissipation of the stove. In this case, stones must be selected only dark in color, avoiding veins or blotches of red colors. This is the output of iron, when using such a stone iron oxides harmful to health are formed in the bath.
Different types of river pebbles
When deciding which stones are best to use for a bath, the choice is outside any doubt and hesitation is worth stopping at the igneous rocks formed during solidification and crystallization of magma. Steam from such stones will be not only light, but also very useful for health.
Igneous rocks – a great choice for a bath
King stone for the bath. True, and its royal value – since it is a semi-precious emerald stone, its price is 8-10 times higher than other samples. He is perfect for a bath – he very durable (2-3 times stronger than the rest), low absorption and best heat capacity (long stays heated).
Despite any sudden changes in temperature, never cracking. But the main thing is its healing properties. Steam received from contact of water with jadeite, it is completely disinfected and beneficial effect on endocrine, circulatory and urinary system, respiratory system and normalizes blood pressure and blood composition, полезен при поясничных болях и позвоночных заболеваниях.
Stone with a massive texture, with medium and fine structure, without caverns and heterogeneities, dense, durable, painted in a uniform dark gray color. good at first accumulates, and then gives off heat.
It evenly warms up throughout the volume and is very different low water absorption, which is ideal for a bath, because that as a result, the maximum possible volume of steam is formed. it environmentally friendly stone with low radiation hygiene background, and since its industrial production is established in Karelia, then has a very democratic price.
Stone for baths – gabro-diabase
Lightweight, but at the same time – very durable stone, different a variety of shades of gray, with good thermal conductivity (quickly heats up and qualitatively accumulates heat). The heat emitted by it in the spectrum is close to solar. AND while talchochlorite is very useful, when heated, it releases enzymes that strengthen the immune system and have a beneficial effect on processes metabolism. The steam it generates is very light and pleasant. To the stone is not “dusted”, before laying it must be washed well, and then – ignite.
Incredibly fire resistant and dense, reliable and durable, therefore, it will serve in the bathhouse faithfully for many years. You can boldly pour cold water even with very strong heating – it is very resistant to cracking. And at the same time – its raspberry shade looks very attractive, it will become beautiful and original emphasis in the interior of the bath – a smooth structure and fine-grained will provide an attractive decorative ensemble (by the way, Napoleon’s sarcophagus is made of raspberry quartzite). Raspberry quartzite laid in the oven, helps with salt deposition, chronic cough, muscle pain and hypertension.
A translucent stone that looks very impressive in appearance, but with this is very unstable and does not withstand temperature extremes, crack easily, so a white quartz heater will often have to sort through, removing the destroyed instances. His main dignity – ozone (emitted as a result of the piezoelectric effect – sharp compression of heated stone when watering), cleansing the respiratory ways and having a general anti-aging effect. Wherein the positive effect of taking a bath is felt throughout a few days.
Since it tolerates temperature differences, it does not cracking, can serve for a very long time, holds heat well. Helps with headaches and skin inflammation, favorably affects the cardiovascular and respiratory system. But at the same time has a significant drawback – requires periodic, sufficient frequent cleaning and flushing.
Without any distinct therapeutic effects, the stone has proven itself as a bathhouse. He is durable, has high heat capacity and extremely low water absorption, not afraid of temperature changes, does not crack and does not “dusting”.
Tip! To get optimal effect without significant costs, can be combined various types of stones, for example, laying down large basalt (gabbro-diaz), and on top – not such a large jadeite.
Stones for a bath – a necessary element, additional knowledge will help make a better choice