Table of contents:
- 1 Procedure for the construction of a water body
- 2 Algorithm of work
- 2.1 Preparing the territory
- 2.2 Materials necessary for the construction of the pond
- 2.3 We draw up a draft and estimate
- 2.4 Technology for the construction of an artificial reservoir
- 3 Pond construction example
- 4 videos
- 5 photos
A small pond, made by yourself, will give a summer cottage an original look and will make pastime in the country more fun and exciting. Especially if you fill it with fish and aquatic plants. The reservoir at the cottage will look very picturesque and natural, perfectly fitting into the landscape. Highly organically will look like a composition with a fountain, about which you can relax on the weekend, relieving fatigue and working week stress.
Procedure for the construction of a water body
- 1 Procedure for the construction of a water body
- 2 The algorithm of work
- 3 Pond construction example
- 4 Video
- 5 A photo
The location of the site, the climatic conditions of a certain terrain are quite significant in the construction of a reservoir. The purpose of the water body will have a serious impact on its design decision. Decorative fountain will be different from pond filled with fish or stream adorned along the banks plants and decorative borders. Design, Addition decorative elements and stuff only depends on the imagination and financial opportunities of the owner of the site. How will that look or another body of water can be seen in the photo.
Some will help to add naturalness and beauty to the reservoir. tricks based on the various properties of water. For example, everyone it is known that water reflects objects; this effect can be enhanced dark lining on the bottom and side walls of the pond or pool. Direct sunlight on the water will create a rainbow over the surface of the pond. A water body located under a small corner, will have a sky blue color and refresh the territory with flicker and overflow.
Dark version facing
Pond accessibility from all sides is one of the basic rules. placement of a reservoir. The tracks leading to it, paved with paving tiles. The presence of trees nearby will give, of course, the shadow desired for a hot day, but falling leaves clog the surface of the pond. For plants and fish must be carefully analyze the black and white solution.
Look beautiful paths near the pond
The pond is best built on a flat surface that does not have large bumps and troughs. The shape of the pond is determined according to the overall design cottages or land. The pond can be made in the right geometry or have natural uneven shores. After the owner of the cottage decided on the placement, the form of water object and its depth, you can start digging the ground. Here, it is also necessary to take into account several nuances.
- The shape of the bottom should be flat so that it cannot be quickly siltation.
- The bottom surface must be cleaned of debris: stones, roots and glasses.
- Evenly made arches of the shore, will not allow the land crumble in a pond.
After the formation of the pit, it is necessary to lay the waterproofing a film whose thickness varies from 1.5 mm to 2 mm. The material after laying should be masked, for this there is many ways. When all work related to construction ponds are completed, it remains only to fill in the water and proceed to decorating the shores of a reservoir: planting, decorating, installation of fountains or waterfalls and much more.
The algorithm of work
It’s not possible to create an artificial reservoir on a summer cottage so difficult. To do this, just adhere to a certain algorithm of work and listen to recommendations of landscape professionals. Specialists can give useful tips on installing water constructions and its decor. Highlights of creating a pond do it yourself already described above, try in more detail deal with some of them.
Preparing the Territory
Clean Thoroughly plot
The first step is to choose a flat surface for the location of the pond and prepare it by thoroughly cleaning it from unnecessary litter, grass, shrubs, roots and other things. If not to do, then the reservoir can become unusable very quickly:
- growing roots of trees and shrubs will break the integrity shores of the reservoir, which will lead to their deformation and shedding;
- sharp stones and debris can break the seal waterproofing layer;
- weeds, grass and bushes will quickly cover the area around the pond, which violates the attractiveness and well-groomed place, as well as affect for silting the bottom.
Materials required for the construction of the pond
The modern construction market offers a huge assortment high-tech and quality materials that can Useful in the construction of a country pond. To create a pond from concrete, some materials are needed, a small pond from the bathroom will require other components.
We draw up a project and estimate
The project and the estimate of the work must be prepared before starting fulfillment. Carefully thought out details of the structure, calculation of consumption materials will help significantly save financial costs owner of the suburban area. You should also decide on attracting specialists at one of the stages or to perform full cycle of work. If a person who wants to transform his a summer house, having built an artificial reservoir on it, is not enough knowledge and experience, then creating a professional project and performing installation the work of specialists in the end will be much cheaper.
The technology of the construction of an artificial reservoir
During the construction of a reservoir, it is necessary to determine the main parameters and equipment of the water body. If the owner decides to build a more economical version of the pond, then in the future he it will be necessary to periodically strengthen it, make changes and additions, carefully decorate and decorate, trying to hide defects and blemishes. Creating a capital structure including summing up communications, including lighting of a reservoir, landing suitable plants, adding decor elements, owner of the plot will end up with a functional and attractive pond that will serve him for many years.
In more detail, the project and estimates can be made based on specific data: size, location, soil composition, plot parameters. But knowledge of the theory can help a person, who wants to build a water facility in the country, coordinate their action and calculate strength.
Pond construction example
When creating a body of water, you should determine its style: regular or landscape.
The landscape style provides a natural view of the pond, therefore more simple to perform. It is necessary to dig a pit, to revet it natural or artificial stone, plant plants and fill water.
A pond made in a regular style has the right geometry, decorated with borders and paving tiles. Material capacities serve for it, the volume of which depends on preferences owner, or waterproofing film.
Capacities are used to create small ponds, their volume varies from 100 to 1000 liters. Material for making such containers is plastic that is resistant to drops temperatures and exposure to sunlight. Capacities are usually equipped special devices for connecting the pump, fountain, filter. They have multilevel compartments for planting water plants. Their advantage is simplicity and speed. installation. The disadvantage is fixed form, not allowing you to make the desired changes.
Plastic installation forms
Arrangement of plastic mold
Film pond reinforcement is a great solution for people loving change. She perfectly takes any desired shape and amenable to correction. Apply a waterproofing film of polyethylene, PVC, butyl rubber for the construction of various reservoirs sizes. The life of the material exceeds 10 years, and a variety of sizes will allow you to do without gluing pieces. When buying a film, you should remember about a small supply of material, which is needed to firmly fix the edges.
Artificial circuit pond
Filling a pond with water, it is necessary to add sand, which will fix the container or film. Walls dug under the film the foundation pit should be multi-tiered. The material is laid on pre-made drainage layer of fine gravel and geotextiles. When adding water to a prepared pond, you should monitor so that the air remaining under the film gradually escapes. After the foundation pit is filled with water, the film needs to be fixed in any convenient way.
We advise you to read:
- do-it-yourself winter polycarbonate greenhouse;
- do-it-yourself swing to the country house (drawings);
- how to build a pond in the country with your own hands.
How to build a film pond, see below:
With a bridge
With a waterfall
With a fountain
Under the windows of the house
Combination of creek and pond
- DIY artificial pond
- DIY waterfall in the country
- How to make a fountain yourself
- DIY pond in the country
- How to make a pool with your own hands in the country