Table of contents:
- 1 Types of lighting equipment for plasterboard ceilings
- 1.1 What to consider during installation
- 1.2 Mortise luminaires
- 1.2.1 Video: installation and connection of a point mortise lamp
- 1.3 Overhead lighting
- 1.3.1 Video: overhead lights for the ceiling
- 1.4 Difference and arrangement of pendant lights
- 2 Light sources
- 2.1. Reflector lamp
- 2.2 Halogen lamp
- 2.2.1 Video: device mortise LED lamp
- 3 What to choose so that the room is bright and comfortable?
- 4 How moisture protection works
Drywall is a unique building material, it Available in stores and at an affordable price. If you come in store and ask if there is a drywall, the seller must specify: “Ceiling or wall”? It is safe to say that the use of this material influenced the search approach light sources and now on sale you can see a variety of spotlights for plasterboard ceilings. How to choose a suitable light source and what you need to consider described in this article.
Types of lighting fixtures for plasterboard ceilings
- 1 Types of lighting fixtures for plasterboard ceilings
- 2 Sources of light
- 3 What to choose so that the room is bright and comfortable?
- 4 How moisture protection works
A variety of spotlights differ in shape and mounting method
Since plasterboard ceilings are quite popular, with each the year increases and the variety of fixtures, and does not change only their design, but also a light source. Initially in the fixtures only incandescent lamps were installed, then they began to use fluorescent, and now there are LED.
The changes have affected the form and appearance, but the variety is so big that it makes no sense to describe all the lamps. And when you consider that designers are constantly offering something new, it becomes the obvious pointlessness of such an undertaking. In order to read the catalog, just go to the selling site or Visit a specialty store and look at the window.
As for the installation method, the spotlights are divided into:
As you can see, there is plenty to choose from. Now consider how one or another type of fixtures is being installed.
What to consider during installation
Installation of wiring in a drywall box is carried out before installing drywall
When choosing spotlights, it’s important to tune in to a specific installation procedure.
- The first step is to assemble the frame from the profile.
- Now you need to plan the number of fixtures and their location on the ceiling so that the mortise lamp does not was located in the same place where the profile is located. For invoices and pendant lights, such accuracy is not needed.
- To the places of installation of the fixtures you need to bring wiring with such so that the wire can then be pulled out of the hole so that it is convenient to connect the fixtures.
- So that later you do not have to guess in which place it is necessary install the lamp, it is recommended to make a card on which the location of the fixtures will be displayed with the distance from the walls.
- After installing drywall, it is necessary to make holes in it for wire (if the lamp is suspended or laid on) or mortise lamp.
- Finishing the ceiling.
Only after completing the entire list of works are established fixtures.
Recessed (mortise) spotlights are more common of all, and many people think that they are just that, but that’s not this way.
Mounting mortise spotlights in prepared ceiling hole
Since mortise lamps come in different sizes, then in each case, a crown is selected on the tree of the corresponding diameter. Further, the procedure is as follows:
- A power wire is connected to the lighting fixture.
- The spring clips lock up in a vertical position, and the lamp is installed in its place.
- A bulb is connected to the bulb.
- Halogen lamp is installed in the cartridge and fixed retaining ring.
Depending on the type of lamp, the method of connecting the cartridge and Lamp installation procedure may vary.
Video: installation and connection of a point mortise lamp
Before purchasing mortise fixtures, you need to measure The smallest distance between the suspended and the main ceiling. If not to do this, then the height of the lighting fixture may become a significant obstacle to its installation in such a place.
Surface mounted lighting
Overhead lights are always visible on the ceiling
For installation of the laid on spotlight it is not necessary to do a large hole in the ceiling – enough to get through it you could pull out the wire.
The device of the overhead lamp and installation method
- After the wire is pulled, you need to attach to the ceiling mounting pad and mark the mounting location.
- Then the platform is removed, and screwed into the marked points plastic anchors (or a butterfly anchor is installed).
- A fixing platform is fixed on the ceiling with self-tapping screws, and already to the screws are mounted with it.
Video: ceiling overhead lights
The ceiling mounted lamp consists of several fixtures
There are overhead spotlights made in the form of chandeliers. The mounting method is identical to that described above.
Difference and arrangement of pendant lights
Pendant spotlight hanging on a wire
Pendant spotlights are made in the form of a chandelier and used in rooms with high ceilings. Fasten exactly like that same as invoices, only with the difference that to drywall not the lamp itself is fixed to the ceiling, but the base.
Sources of light
Let’s start in order.
Incandescent light bulb
Reflector bulbs of different sizes and power
At one time, lights for reflex lamps were popular incandescent with a base E27 or E14, the dimensions of which are substantially differ from each other. Subsequently, many manufacturers began let out under these lamps at first luminescent, and then LED lamps. A significant drawback of these lighting products is their great height and lack of ability to adjust light direction.
Choosing such a lighting device, you need to determine the type lamps to be screwed into it. Incandescent lamps with socket E14 – 40 watts, E27 – 60 watts. There are exceptions, but a light bulb with other parameters are not easy to find, so hope that it will be very light, do not have to. Original housekeepers too have little power.
Comparison of the type of energy-saving lamps used in mortise lamps
Such lamps are still used in offices, but they do not serve as decoration because they use cheaper U-shaped lamps.
Halogen incandescent light bulb may be like reflex and finger
The use of halogen lamps has significantly reduced dimensions of fixtures.
Mortise halogen fixtures
Direction-controlled luminaires appeared on sale luminous flux. Light bulbs are very sensitive to power surges. on the network 220 V, so they often burn out. More durable got 12 volt bulbs that connect through stabilizer. Nevertheless, the lighting turned out to be uneconomical, and the lamps heated decently, because of which there were some restrictions on choosing where to install them.
When choosing a lamp with halogen lamps, it is better to give preference for 12 volts, as they will last longer. For a short period of time, the cost of the transformer will pay off.
IN such a lamp uses a lot of LEDs
The use of housekeepers has contributed to the fact that the lamps are already weren’t so hot, and when using high-power LEDs, only significantly reduced energy consumption, but also decreased lamp height. Using LED Downlights, Ceiling you can omit quite a bit.
Video: device mortise LED lamp
Diode lights are more economical and durable, but they have one feature – the circuit is assembled sequentially (according to the principle Christmas tree garland), and it costs one lighting element burn out when the whole lamp stops shining. However it is happens infrequently, therefore this type of lighting is more economical in all respects, but for owners of apartments with low ceilings, he like a find.
What to choose so that the room is bright and comfortable?
So, we have come close to choosing the type and form of lighting appliances.
Not a single spotlight is designed to illuminate everything premises, as it emits a narrow beam of light.
Chandelier and spotlights perfectly complement each other friend
Since even a large number of spotlights are not able to fully illuminate the room, then you need to take care of installing a chandelier, etc.
Spotlights are best used to highlight some kind of parts of a room or furniture, and as the main source lighting it is preferable to install a chandelier (or something else on your choice). Someone prefer that everything in the room is in harmony with each other, the other prefers bright contrasts – this is a matter of taste and is determined by the chosen style of the room. The same principle applies. and lighting fixtures, but square lights combined with a round chandelier can create visual discomfort. We are not trying to impose some rules, arguing that this is exactly right, but we want to draw your attention to this design features
Mounting fasteners for a light chandelier to drywall the ceiling
Since we are talking about the chandelier, we note that if it is heavy, the installation stage of the frame under drywall, you need to take care of the method her mounts. A light chandelier can be fixed to drywall exactly as well as overhead lights.
How moisture protection works
The waterproof recessed lamp is not afraid even direct water
In rooms with high humidity it is necessary to install waterproof lamps. The degree of protection is different and usually it is indicated on the product by special marking. For example, for a luminaire with IP 44, only accidental ingress of water. IP 55 indicates that even a directed stream of water will not do any harm product, and will not penetrate inside it.
We hope that you have received comprehensive information, and now without labor, select and install the lamp.