Pandanus: features of care and reproduction

Pandanus is a wonderful ornamental plant, easy to care for, but not always suitable for growing at home

Pandanus is a wonderful ornamental plant, easy to care for, but not always suitable for growing at home

Pandanus (other fairly common names – spiral palm, pandanus) – a beautiful palm for growing and home care. But it should be borne in mind that pandanus grows fast enough, so it’s best to keep it spacious, a large room with high ceilings – which is why its very often used for decorating offices or public buildings. However, the young plant will look beautiful in urban apartment. At home, almost never blooms and does not bears fruit.

Content

  • Pandanus: harm, good, myths
  • Root system features
  • Pandanus: growing, care and breeding

Pandanus is a tropical plant found in nature in tropical forests of Madagascar, Vietnam, less often – in other parts tropical zone of the Eastern Hemisphere. Leaves are narrow, long, may be plain green or have white stripes, grow in several rows in a spiral, for which the pandanus was called helical palm tree, and for high growth (in nature – up to 15 m) – screw pine tree.

Overgrown spiral palm in the garden

Overgrown spiral palm in the garden

If you are going to grow pandanus, you should consider that it can to be dangerous and harm others, especially if the house has small children or animals. The reason is its leaves on the bottom and at the edges are quite sharp spikes (spines).

The leaves of the plant at the edges and bottom have rather sharp spikes

The leaves of the plant at the edges and bottom are quite sharp spikes

In nature, about 700 types of ramp are known, but at home conditions grow only three:

  • healthy pandanus – with plain, up to 10 cm wide, dark green leaves

Pandaus useful

Panda house useful

  • Pandaus Sandera – a plant with narrow (up to 5 cm) leaves with white longitudinal stripes

Pandaus Sandera

Pandaus Sandera

  • Veycha’s panda house – differs quite compact (up to 1.5 m in height) in size, with leaves having yellow edges stripes.

Pandaus Veitch

Pandaus Veicha

Pandanus: harm, good, myths

In the natural environment, the pandanus blooms and bears fruit, it the fruits, both in appearance and in taste, are very reminiscent of pineapple – their the benefit is that they are rich in nutrients and trace elements.

Bioenergy argue that the pandanus flower has a very complex energy character, which is especially pronounced in small rooms (apartments) – on its sharp thorns stinging, aggressive energy that can be harmful to others. But experts in Feng Shui harm done pandanus, called a myth, believing it can and should even be in home to people who lack the will and determination to resist other people’s pressure. It is noted that the plant is able to clean the biofield in indoors from the negative energy of harsh and offensive words and aggressive utterances. In addition, it is believed that the plant contributes to формированию хваткого и цепкого ума.

The plant is usually chosen for large, spacious rooms with high ceilings

Растение, как правило, выбирают для больших, просторныхrooms with high ceilings

Advice! Despite ambiguous and contradictory interpretation of plant properties, yet Pandanus is not recommended to be placed in the nursery and bedroom – this associated with both spiny leaves and ambiguous energy of this plant.

Pandanus is easy to grow at home.

Pandanus is easy to grow at home

Root system features

Pandanus is a tropical plant with a complex root system

Pandanus is a tropical plant with a complex root system

The spiral palm has a very peculiar root system – over time, air roots form on the trunk, which, gradually growing, take root over time. In the photo it looks as if they had put props to the plant. In fact, in the natural environment the way it is – since over time the lower part of the trunk of the palm tree die off, well-developed powerful air the roots (they are also called stilted) support the plant, performing dual role. Powerful and large stilted at home (aerial) roots do not form, but appear on the trunk small drooping roots should not be removed – the plant in them needs. Moreover, in the hot season, on aerial roots to not to harm them, it is advisable to fix the sphagnum layer and in further moisturize it regularly. Also reaching large sizes, pandanus will need special supports, because stilted roots, weakly developing indoors, not will be able to hold the palm.

Aerial roots form on the trunk, which gradually grow and take root

Aerial roots form on the trunk, which gradually grow and root

Advice! If aerial roots, on your opinion, look not aesthetically pleasing and unattractive, then they can camouflage with sphagnum moss or coconut fiber.

Pandanus: growing, care and breeding

A spiral palm tree or spiral pine is called this plant because of leaves that grow in a spiral in several rows.

Helical palm or helical pine this plant is called from – behind leaves that grow in a spiral in several rows

Spiral palm – extremely unpretentious and stress-resistant plant, some flower growers, describing it, use adjective “unkillable”. With good care, thanks intensive growth, in just 3-4 years a small pandanus from a seedling can be transformed into a palm tree more than a meter high. The main thing – maintain an acceptable temperature, optimally – in within 20-22C, the lower limit is 18C, although some species (e.g. Veitch pandanus), able to tolerate short more noticeable temperature drops to 12-14C.

Pandanus is a very thermophilic plant

Pandanus is a very thermophilic plant

Lighting

A bright place without bright sun is desirable for the plant

A plant is desirable bright place without bright sun

Pandanus is quite shade-tolerant, it will develop normally even in partial shade, but the best place for him is well-lit, with a large (up to 10 hours) amount of diffused sunlight, but while the midday sun is better to shade. From excess light leaves they begin to turn pale, turn yellow, brown spots appear. Especially important is the light regime for variegated species – when lack of light leaves lose their decorativeness, becoming solid green, become finer, gradually lose strength and begin to bend in half.

In low light conditions variegated forms lose their color and become simply green

In low light conditions variegated forms lose coloring and just turn green

Advice! For even development leaves the plant needs to be periodically rotated around own axis.

ПоливFor pandanus, getting into the sinuses of water leaves is harmful, it starts to rot

Для пандануса вредно попадание в пазухи листьев воды, оноbegins to rot

When watering, the main thing is that the water does not fall into the axils of the leaves, this very harmful to the plant, water at room temperature (or 2-3 degrees above) must be carefully poured under the trunk, to the roots.

Humidity

Do not spray and wash the pandanus in the shower

Do not spray and wash the pandanus in the shower

Like any other representative of the tropics, pandanus loves high humidity, therefore it is recommended to spray it daily. But there is one feature – dust should be very fine, this will prevent the formation of large aquatic drops and their accumulation in the axils of the leaves.

Humidify the surrounding air can be very carefully from a fine spray or, placing the pot on a tray with moistened sand or expanded clay

Humidify the surrounding air very carefully from shallow spray gun or by placing the pot on a tray with moistened sand or expanded clay

Advice! With the onset of the heating season, it is advisable to install a pandanus pot in a tray with wet sand or expanded clay.

Transfer

Transplant is carried out in the spring

Transplantation is carried out in the spring

A young plant develops very quickly, so a transplant to him may need one, sometimes – even twice a year. Main sign – the roots of the pandanus very densely braided the surface of the soil in potted. The roots of the ramp are very fragile, so it’s more about transshipment than transplant, when removing an earthen coma from a pot Care must be taken to ensure that it is not damaged.

When transplanting, you need to ensure that the air roots do not break

When transplanting, make sure that the air roots do not broke down

A new pot is taken a little deeper (2-3 cm) and wider (1-2 cm) – too large a pot for transplant is not suitable, because a large volume of soil can begin to sour, which will provoke rotting of the roots. A third of the pot is filled with drainage, the remaining volume is filled with soil mixtures (greenhouse and clay land, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1, you can use store mix for palm, the main thing is that the soil should be good permeable). The plant does not need to be planted deep – roots, in mainly located at the top, so it’s advisable to keep previous landing depth.

Also, aerial roots should not be buried in the ground.

Also, aerial roots should not be buried in the ground

Pruning

As the plant grows older and taller, its trunk bare and does not look very attractive, so do not delete (unless you intend to reproduce) appearing kids. On the one hand, they do not cover very well the picturesque trunk of the pandanus, making it more magnificent, on the other – after removal of children the plant redirects its strength to the main a trunk that begins to grow even larger. Therefore the kids on the trunk can be removed if the palm becomes completely unattractive “disheveled” look.

Dried tips should be trimmed.

Dry ends should be trimmed.

Tip! If the ends of the leaves turn yellow, it’s better to crop them, but not to healthy green tissue, and you should leave a small dry strip – so you can prevent further drying out.

Breeding

Reproduction at home depends on the species

Propagation at home depends on the species

The easiest and most effective way to propagate pandanus is rooting of children who are quite actively formed on the main trunk (photo 1). To do this, choose sockets that already have small (1-2 cm) roots formed. Their appearance is possible stimulate by wrapping the base of the baby socket with wet sphagnum directly on the mother trunk. After separation the baby socket is dried for about a day, after which it is planted in light soil mix.

Photo 1. The formation of baby sockets on the main trunk

Photo 1. The formation of baby sockets on the main trunk

Another option is to place the outlet in water after separation to spiked roots. Do not immerse the outlet in water very much deep – just put the barrel, water is necessary change every other day. After the roots appear, the outlet is planted in soil and placed under a glass jar (plastic bag).

Advice! If before the roots of the rosette begins to rot, the rotten area is cut off, and activated carbon is added to the water.

Pandanus: reproduction and transplantation in detail in the video

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