Hyacinth – one of the most popular plants for home distillation
Hyacinth flower is a universal plant. He will be great decoration of any garden or front garden. But enjoy the beauty This flower can also be inside the house, growing it on the windowsill. Only hyacinth care at home should be as close to garden. Then he will delight you with his unusually beautiful, bright and fragrant flowers.
- The main types of hyacinths
- Hyacinths flowers – planting and care
- The basic rules of the distillation process
- How to grow hyacinths at home
- Growing Hyacinths in the Garden
According to legend, hyacinth is named after a beautiful young man, favorite of the god of science and the arts of Apollo
Charming spring primrose – hyacinth
The main types of hyacinths
All species of this plant are very similar in appearance, differ only in color and shape of flowers, the size of inflorescences, stalk height. According to the timing of flowering, hyacinths are divided into early, middle and late grades. The difference in the beginning of flowering varies from 10 to 15 days.
Previously, the genus of hyacinths consisted of 30 plant species. After reorganization of botanical classifications remained in it only three main types:
- Oriental. It is the most common species with very pleasant smell. All decorative varieties are created from it. hyacinths. Rarely located on a thin peduncle, flowers have pink, blue and yellowish white shades.
Hyacinth Oriental – a very beautiful and fragrant look
- Hyacinth Litvinova. 25 cm tall plant with heavily cut pale blue flowers, with wide bluish splayed leaves and protruding stamens.
Modern varieties of hyacinth are striking in their beauty and variety. coloring
- Trans-Caspian hyacinth. Has the same lengthy fleshy hollow leaves, one or two stems in 20 cm, light blue flowers.
Trans-Caspian Hyacinth – a low and charming flower
Oriental hyacinth has several varieties, differing coloring:
- Whites: Edelweiss, Carnegie, L’Innosance
- Reds: General Pelissier, La Victoire, Jan Bos
Hyacinth Jan Bos or bright garden decoration
Hyacinth L’Innosance on the background of red flowers looks simple unusually
Hyacinth La Victoire
- Blue: Delft Blue, King of the Blues, Maria
- Pink: Pink Pearl, Anna Marie, Lady Derby, Fondant
Blue Hyacinth Delft Blue
Delicious Pink Hyacinth Pink Perple
Hyacinth King of the Blues
Charming flowerbed with pink hyacinth Fondant
Hyacinths flowers – planting and care
This is not to say that growing hyacinths in open ground significantly different from caring for them at home. But in Each option has its own secrets and subtleties. To achieve flowering plants at a time when this a priori should not be, it is necessary to understand the nature of this flower and in the process of distillation. Forcing is a set of measures taken to accelerate growth. plants. Using this process, you can achieve flowering hyacinths for a particular holiday or date.
This flower is propagated by bulbs. A healthy bulb should be dense, its diameter should be 5 cm, and weight – at least 80 g.
The basic rules of the distillation process
- At the bottom of the pot, drainage is laid in the first layer, then the earth is falling asleep.
- Bulbs are planted in pots with soil so that they 2-3 cm rose above the top layer of the earth.
- Bulbs should not touch the walls of the pot.
- The distance between the bulbs must be at least three centimeters.
- So that the plants do not rot during the distillation, the earth poured a small amount of water, covered with a thin layer of sand.
For 2-2.5 months, pots with bulbs should be in conditions not reminiscent of home. Place where they will be, must be cool. Excellent in this case the cellar will be an option. The pot is put in a bag in which holes are being made. All this “composition” should be in in a dark place where the air temperature does not exceed 5-7 degrees.
Onion cooling stage requires strict humidity control potted soil. Earth should not be dry. Watering frequency Depends on the humidity in the room where the plant is stored. With a moisture content of 90-95%, the bulbs can be watered 1-2 times over the entire period distillation.
Thanks to the rich range of colors, as well as easy care hyacinths are among the most popular garden plants
At the end of the cooling period, the hyacinth sprouts in the pot should grow by 2-5 cm. At this time they are transferred to a warmer the room. But they still need darkness. If the house is not dark and warm rooms, then the pots are simply covered opaque caps. Caps can only be removed when sprouts will reach a length of 10 cm.
Advice! The forcing process drains the bulbs very much. For re-blooming hyacinth in a pot, for example, in bulbs just not enough strength. Therefore, after forcing at home bulbs to restore them, you must be landed for 1-2 years in the open priming.
To grow this plant, seeds are also used. hyacinth. But this process is mainly done by breeders. for breeding new varieties. It is very long and painstaking. process. Even with the most competent care of the first flowering, you can wait five years later.
How to grow hyacinths at home
When the process of distillation ends, and the bulbs sprout the required length, the pots can be safely transferred to a bright place. It is desirable that the temperature of the new location of the flower did not exceed 15 degrees.
Hyacinth flowers are characterized by intense odor.
As soon as the first buds appear, the plant can be put in any room of an apartment or house. The main condition is to avoid drafts and direct sunlight. The hardest part is over. and a crucial step in growing these beautiful flowers is planting hyacinths. If all of the above is done correctly, then you can feel free to move on to the topic – how to care for гиацинтами.
Гиацинты эффектно смотрятся как в садике и на клумбе, так и вpotted
A hyacinth in a pot, like a hyacinth in a garden, loves sunny light, just not burning the sun’s rays. If the duration the daylight period will be 12-15 hours a day, then the plant will delight others with its beauty. Moreover it doesn’t matter at all whether it will be artificial or natural lighting.
If you create the right lighting, the plant will be long delight others with their beauty
Watering and feeding
Normal growth of hyacinths is impossible without proper watering. The moisture content of the earth in the pot should be adequate. Drainage layer controls this important point. Excessively wet soil is disastrous for the plant. Excess water is drained from the sump after each glaze.
Advice! The ingress of water into the sinuses of the leaves, onion or the bud entails rotting of the plant. Therefore, watering is better exercise in the edge of the pot.
The normal growth of hyacinths is impossible without their proper glaze
Top dressing is essential for normal growth. plants. The first time a flower is fed right after it rearranged from darkness to light. For this, phosphate is used, mixed with saltpeter. After the formation of buds for feeding use potassium with superphosphate (amount of superphosphate dominates). The third time hyacinth is fed after flowering. IN this moment the amount of potassium is equal to the amount of superphosphate.
Advice! After each dressing, the soil must be loosened. In order not to injure the root system of the plant, loosening is necessary carry out carefully.
Top dressing is essential for normal growth. plants
Hyacinth blooms can be extended for a certain time, if in at night, transfer the plant pot to a cool place. After the hyacinth has completely faded, the peduncle is cut off. At the leaves remain intact. After which the plant is necessary watering and feeding for at least another month. Watering is reduced gradually and finally reduced to zero.
Hyacinth also looks great in bouquets
After complete withering, the leaves are cut off, the bulb is neatly removed from the pot, dried. It can be stored in the fridge.
The popularity of hyacinth lies in its resistance to disease. But sometimes the plant becomes ill.
How to determine the disease and its causes:
- Most often, hyacinth affects yellow bacterial rot. From the unpleasant odor starts to come on the bulb, it becomes slippery. Unfortunately, this is the death of the plant. From such a flower need to get rid.
- If there is a distortion of the peduncles, and the flower becomes ill grow, then it is attacked by pests. In this case, the plant drugs containing phosphorus will help.
- Sometimes a young inflorescence may fall from a common flower. Improper hyacinth care at home is paramount the cause of this disease. The cause may be incorrect storage of bulbs or increased soil moisture.
Water hyacinth – a beautiful plant with delicate purple flowers
Advice! If the bulb was purchased at a store, then before planting to exclude infection, it is necessary for 15 minutes hold in a solution that contains phosphorus.
Before the dormant period begins, children can be separated from the bulb, unless, of course, they separate well. Before starting the procedure the bulb is dried for several days. Little kids they are not suitable for forcing; they are planted only in open ground. If they do not separate, then the mother’s bulb is planted with them.
Hyacinth will perfectly fit into your interior
Growing Hyacinths in the Garden
The cultivation of these flowers in the open field is much similar to their agricultural technology at home. Only at home You can achieve hyacinth bloom at the right time for you. With regards open ground, to the question – when to plant hyacinths? – the answer is one – necessarily before the onset of frost.
Hyacinths are grown in open sunny areas with light and fertile sandy loamy soils
The most suitable moment for planting bulbs is the end of September or early October. Earlier planting may cause the plant start growing, and in winter it will simply perish. At late – the plant does not have time to take root before the start of frost.
The location of the flowers should be protected from strong winds. and well lit. It is desirable that the site was flat, but barely noticeable bias. With active snow melting, the slope will provide a drain water.
Hyacinth looks great with other colors
The soil should be well fertilized with humus. If it is clay, then it is necessary to add river sand to it, to acid – limestone or a piece of chalk. The plot is prepared two months before planting the bulbs, processed to a depth of 40 cm.
With the onset of cold weather, planted bulbs of hyacinths can cover with sawdust, fallen leaves or dry peat. Spring shelter necessarily cleaned.
Gently white hyacinth flowers.
During the period of growth and flowering, plants are watered and fertilized in such a way same as at home. The answer to the question “when to dig hyacinths? “- in late June or early July, when the leaves turn yellow and completely burn out.
Dug bulbs are cleaned of soil and dried in for several days under a canopy. Keep them until next disembarkation is possible in cardboard boxes.
Sky Blue Grape Hyacinth