How to strengthen the ditch in the country

How to strengthen the ditch in the country Table of contents:

  • 1 Ways to strengthen
  • 2 Tools at hand
  • 3 Special devices
  • 4 Geogrids and gabions
  • 5 videos

For removal of excess water from a summer residence or a personal plot It is necessary to create a drainage system. With its help you can protect territory from waterlogging and buildings from destruction. One of the components of such a system are ditches. They may have various sizes (depth, width and length), but in any case, their walls need to be strengthened. Otherwise, water will turn ditches into real ravines, which will reduce the useful area of ​​the site. A how to strengthen the ditch in the country? This is what will be discussed in article.

Ways to strengthen

Drainage systems have been around for a long time and people have learned to strengthen them walls. There are several ways to do this. They can be conditionally divided into two types:

  • using improvised materials and plants;
  • using structures and devices made in the factory conditions.

The walls of the ditch are reinforced with slate using improvised means, car tires, stones, and also by landing plants. This method is acceptable for small ditches or with a small angle of slope.

Geogrid is covered with gravelGeogrid is covered with gravel

Various biomats, gabions, geogrids and geogrids are used with a slope angle of more than 8‒15 degrees. Also such devices used in the arrangement of large ditches in width.

Each method of strengthening has its pros and cons. About this and it will be discussed later.

Tools at hand

Strengthening slateSlate reinforcement

One of the easiest and easiest ways to strengthen the walls of the drainage ditch is the use of slate. You can use used material. The main thing is that in there were no large holes and cracks.

The technology using slate is pretty simple. Sheets (whole or trimmed, depending on the size of the ditch) laid on The slopes of the ditch are tight to each other. It can be done as strictly vertically, and under a slight slope. Then from two sides pieces, in a staggered manner, pieces of reinforcement or thin are driven in pipes.

This method has both its advantages and disadvantages. The first include the following:

  • low financial costs, and if used materials are used, then you can do without investments;
  • ease of installation. All work can be done by one person.

The disadvantages of this design in its fragility. May also to suffer and the appearance of the site itself.

Tire Strengthening Tire SchemeTire reinforcement scheme

Strengthening slopes with old ones looks more aesthetically pleasing. car tires. In addition, this method allows you to do design that will last much longer than the slate version (up to several decades).

Here you can resort to two methods, depending on available space. One involves stacking tires along the edges of the ditch. The soil is filled up inside, but better sand or gravel. For greater reliability, metal pipes can be driven in.

If the area allows, it is better to lay the tires with an offset. Each top row fits to half the bottom. As a result it turns out a kind of ladder. Soil is poured inside and plant plants. Thus, a beautiful slope is obtained.

Improvement of the slopeSlope ennoblement

If the ditch is small and the slope angle is less than 8 degrees, then it walls can be strengthened with plants. Along the edges of the land small bushes or perennial grasses. Their roots will reliably strengthen walls and will not allow water to wash them away and turn the ditch into a large ravine.

Special devices

For more reliable and durable reinforcement of the walls of the drainage ditches you can use special designs and fixtures. These include:

  • geo and biomats;
  • geogrids;
  • geogrids;
  • gabions.

Ditch fortified by geomatsFortified ditch geomats

Geomats and biomats are made in the form of a polymer sponge. With help high temperature soldered several nets of polymers. Such the structure is impervious to water, but at the same time makes it possible sprouting plants.

GeomatsGeomats

To lay such structures, you must perform the following work:

  1. A slope is being prepared. All debris is removed from its surface. and alignment is performed. Then it is desirable to compact surface. This is especially important if the area is sandy. priming.
  2. The material is delivered in rolls, so styling begins from above. A geomat (or biomat) is laid on top of a slope, the edge fix;
  3. Then the roll is rolled to the bottom of the ditch and cut superfluous.
  4. The next row fits the same way and overlaps with already stacked. Tolerance can be up to 15 cm.
  5. Now the entire surface is covered with a small layer of soil and add seeds of perennial herbs (if necessary or a wish).

Strengthening the ditch with a geogridDitch reinforcement geogrid

Another type of material to strengthen the slopes of the ditches is a geogrid. It is a polymer net material with a polyester base. Geogrid cut to fit pieces and stacked on a prepared slope (surface must be cleaned, flat and compacted by hand ice rink). The nets are stacked close to each other and fastened when help anchor brackets.

GeogridGeogrid

On top of the grid, you can fill up with a layer of soil and plant plants. Herbs such as mint, periwinkle and bryozoan. These herbs will be firmly rooted in their roots. in place.

Geogrids and gabions

Laying the geogridGeogrid Laying

More powerful structures to strengthen not only the slopes, but and the bottom of the ditch are geogrids. They are made of polypropylene and polyethylene. Such products are not afraid of corrosion, they are quite Durable and able to serve for many decades.

Before installing them, the drainage ditch must be dry. You also need to prepare anchor fasteners, hammer, fine gravel.

Geogrid installation diagramGeogrid mounting scheme

After draining the ditch, all debris is removed from the surface. (large branches, stones, etc.) and large vegetation. Wherein fine grass can be left in place. Then spreads geogrid. This must be done over the entire area of ​​the channel, the extra it is advisable to cut off the pieces immediately.

Structure reinforcement with geogridReinforcement structure with geogrid

For the long service of the geogrid, it must be correctly and securely fasten. This is done using anchor brackets or hooks. They can be purchased with the grill or make your own hands of reinforcing rods with a diameter of 15 mm and a length of 50 to 110 cm. Fasteners are placed in a checkerboard pattern at a distance not less than 30 cm apart.

The next step is to fill the geogrid. At the bottom of the ditch you can place sand (if it is rarely filled with water) or crushed stone (if drains will constantly flow in the ditch). On the slopes better use grassy soil. So the grill will be more hold firmly in place.

A more expensive, but at the same time more reliable way of strengthening The slopes of the drainage ditch is the installation of gabions. Also such designs will look more aesthetically pleasing and respectably.

Gabions in actionGabions in action

Gabion is a factory product made in the form of parallelepiped (box). As a material used double torsion metal wire. In such “boxes” are placed large stones or pebbles.

In the production of gabions, not a simple wire is used. She has a coating of polymers. This protection extends the service life. products up to 70 years. Moreover, the product is not afraid of aggressive environmental impact and withstands large overloads.

Installation of gabions schemeGabion mounting scheme

Before installing the gabion, you must prepare the slope. Because the product has significant dimensions, excess soil is removed. Gabion placed in its place and filled with large stones or rubble. For greater reliability, you can fix a mesh netting from above, its It is also advisable to pick up with a polymer coating. For improvement decorative top view of the grid can place stones or pebbles.

Strengthening the walls of the ditch gabions schemeWall reinforcement ditches gabions scheme

If you have welding skills and the necessary equipment, then you can try to make gabion with your own hands. For this fittings pieces. They are welded together, making grate. For long service life, all parts can be coated with anti-corrosion composition.

When strengthening the slopes of the drainage ditches do not forget about base. Here you can use sand or gravel, depending from the frequency of filling with water. If the ditch is small and located on a prominent place, the bottom laid out beautifully will look natural stones. Especially beautiful effect is obtained in combination with gabions.

Video

Another interesting way to strengthen:

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