- Type of heating and circulation system
- Pipes and radiators
- Boiler installation process
- Installation of radiators
- Pipe installation
How can you independently heat your own house without Need to contact a specialist? This type of work is not too complicated, but should be carried out efficiently, with appropriate pre-training. If wrong installation, the system will not work or will function with failures.
Type of heating and circulation system
The preparatory phase of the work is the choice of a heat generator. It can be a furnace, gas, electric or solid fuel boiler, underfloor heating or radiator. The most widespread gas boilers that connect to the main gas pipelines.
Another common way is to use electric boiler. There are more exotic ways – solar installation, bottled gas, liquid fuel. Often system Heating includes several types of heat generators. The choice of the type of heating is needed for the correct selection of pipes and other things equipment (cranes, couplings, flanges, fittings, etc.). Besides this should first determine the circulation system. It can be forced (using circulating pumps), natural (circulation is provided by pipe slopes) or combined (you can switch between natural and forced systems, as appropriate).
Pipes and radiators
Pipes can be made of metal, plastic or metal plastic. The first type is best suited for the circuit. natural circulation of water, as they are easy to turn under right angle. Plastic and metal plastic are also able to bend, however, they are more sensitive to high temperatures. Moreover, metal-plastic is easier to install – for such work only fittings, adjustable spanner and cutting shears.
If you have the skill of working with welding, then you can use plastic pipes that are connected by soldering.
The choice of radiators depends on three factors: their price, method connections and wiring diagrams.
Schemes can be:
- one-pipe, with a few pipes needed, but radiators will be receive heat unevenly;
- collector, for which a lot of pipes are needed, but the circuit offers a convenient way to regulate heat;
- two-pipe (piping from the bottom and bottom).
Separately, it is necessary to mention the importance of cranes in the system home heating. They are installed on the lead to the heating a piping device to control the flow of heat, reducing or increasing its amount to create the optimum temperature. In addition, the crane provides the ability to block the heat flow for the repair of a particular piece of equipment. Crane for the radiator can be a full-bore ball from different materials, control valve or thermostatic valve. View selection the crane depends solely on the user and his needs.
Boiler installation process
Before starting work, it is advisable to draw a detailed installation diagram, indicate the installation locations of all elements, whether it is a boiler, radiator, fitting, tap, filter, pump and so on. Should also be applied exact dimensions. This is done to facilitate installation work.
After that, you can proceed to the installation of the boiler. Place for him selected with the best conditions for subsequent wiring pipelines. If gas or electric is installed boiler, it is necessary to consider the distance to the electrical input or gas pipeline. First of all, the boiler fixing strap is attached to side surface using an anchor. The boiler is attached to a chimney recruited from sheets of steel. After that you can proceed to the installation of the supply pipe using polypropylene couplings.
Installation of radiators
The radiator is always located under the window or near the entrance. Via level side indicates the position of the brackets for which holes in the wall of the dowel of the corresponding diameter. Then attach the remaining parts in accordance with the wiring diagram radiator – shutoff valves, regulators, air valves. Pipes one end is soldered to the radiator tap.
Pipes are bred in accordance with a pre-compiled scheme installation. The wiring can be open (when pipes are visible) and hidden (when pipes are laid in strobes and sealed with putty and plaster). There are a few simple ones for brazing pipes. recommendations:
- At the joints, a side should form.
- To hide the linear extension, you can apply compensator.
- Heat elements should be no more than 5 seconds.
- Heated couplings are shifted to the side with a noticeable mark, therefore elements squeeze with each other.
- To harden the joint, the parts must not be held together. less than 30 seconds.
- Do not heat the parts for too long, as this may block the passage inside.