How to make a steam room

How to make a steam room Table of contents:

  • 1 Thermal insulation
  • 1.1 Video
  • 2 Furnace and ventilation
  • 2.1 Video
  • 3 Finish
  • 4 steam room design

The steam room is traditionally considered the key in the Russian bath, because the functionality of bath procedures depends on it, famous for their useful and healing properties. In the article we let’s talk about how to make a steam room in your bath properly hands, how to arrange ventilation, floor and shelves.

The manufacturing process of the steam room can be divided into several work operations as follows:

  • thermal insulation of the room;
  • arrangement of the furnace and ventilation;
  • finish.

Thermal insulation

Heat insulation of the steam roomHeat insulation of the steam room

Vapor barrier materialVapor barrier material The main indicator of the effectiveness of the steam room is stable high temperature, which can be maintained without quality thermal insulation is almost impossible. That’s why the steam room insulation considered the most important procedure in the whole process arrangement.

With poorly performed warming, fresh air in the room will heat up very slowly and cool quickly, and the steam will have a very low concentration.

When warming the rooms of the steam room, a variety of materials, each of which performs a specific function, moreover the absence of any of them leads to a sharp decline in quality isolation. The result of this distribution of functions is multilayer protective coating, including the following sequentially placed layers:

  • waterproofing layer;
  • insulation layer;
  • vapor barrier material;
  • inner lining.

Waterproofing of surfaces (walls and ceiling) of a steam room made by closing them with a layer of waterproofing material, such as foil, for example, or plastic film.

It is recommended to start arranging a heat-insulating layer with fastenings on surfaces of walls and ceiling unpainted clean paper on top of which a frame of wooden blocks is packed, serving as a base for the placement of plates of insulating material. From above, the insulation material is covered with a vapor barrier layer, in the quality of which is most commonly used conventional aluminum foil. Then, a frame is made from wooden blocks, which subsequently sheathed with lining.

The ceiling should be better insulated than the walls, so the layer thermal insulation material on it should be thicker.


An example of a device for heat and vapor barrier:

Furnace and ventilation

Bath stoveBath stove

Ventilation in the bathVentilation in the bath “Soul” of any Russian baths is, of course, her stove, thanks to which the steam rooms treatments are famous for their wellness properties. For construction of the furnace is recommended to use materials from the following list:

  • red stove or chamotte brick;
  • natural stones;
  • cast iron plates.

If desired, all of these materials can be used in a comprehensive way, Since brick is a good store of stove heat, stones allow you to get steam, and heated cast iron stoves have high heat dissipation. With similar use heat storage properties of the starting materials resulting furnace can “hold” heat for 12-15 hours (at temperatures up to 85 degrees). But it certainly depends on the quality thermal insulation.

In the room itself, a special window for ventilation is usually not done. The ventilation window makes sense in the dressing room, and already from it fresh air will flow into the steam room.


Typical ventilation errors and the most common universal scheme of working ventilation:


Steam room decorationSteam room finish

The steam room interior is finished immediately after completion of basic construction operations and is usually performed with use of wood materials resistant to high humidity and temperature. For decoration, you can use the most different species of trees, but it’s best to close the walls with linden or alder, and cover the floor with larch material. Shelves made from linden, when heated will give off a unique aroma containing various natural enzymes. They render beneficial effects on humans.

After finishing, the wooden walls of the steam room are carefully sanded and are left in their natural form.

Steam room design

Steam Room DesignSteam Room Design

When deciding how to make a steam room, proper attention should be to devote to its design. When decorating a steam room, take into account the following expert advice:

  • the walls, floor and ceiling in the steam room are best left in natural form without resorting to the use of any coatings. In this case, wooden surfaces will be much faster heat;
  • the shelves and benches in the steam room look more aesthetically pleasing if place them at different levels. It’s also convenient in terms of their functionality, because at different heights you can Choose the right temperature for you;
  • in order to stylize the interior of the steam room you can add gracefully decorated hangers for towels and brooms, as well as decorate the doors a pair of original framing and beautiful handles;
  • as light sources it is best to use luminaires with dim and soft glow, placing them above the entrance the door.

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