How to make a railing for the stairs

Railing for stairs Table of contents:

  • 1 How to choose the source material
  • 2 Important points to consider in the manufacture of handrails
  • 3 Tool – an important part of the preparatory process
  • 4 The work of the master is afraid! Making stair railing
  • 5 Installation of railings made of wood. Learning to do the right thing!
  • 6 We buy material for forged railing
  • 7 We come up with a pattern and embody the idea
  • 8 Getting to forging and welding a frame with a pattern
  • 9 Final stage of manufacture – painting
  • 10 Photos

The role of a business card of a private house is often beautiful staircase, an integral part of which is the railing. Is worth note that the main functional purpose of this design is the ability to conveniently move between floors. But for the reliability and safety of the stairs are the responsibility of the handrails and railings. Among them, among other things, the overall attractive staircase design. In the article we will tell how to make a railing for the stairs with your own hands from wood and metal.

In the manufacturing process of the railing, a high accuracy, because the components for them are located on different levels.

You will have to make different attractive elements, perhaps execute patterns, etc. But don’t be afraid of making railings, most often, “the eyes are afraid, but the hands are doing.” To work!

How to choose the source material


Before proceeding with the assembly of the railing, you must decide which the type of material will be most suitable for the interior of the house.

  • Many generations have used to manufacture stairs and railings to him a natural tree. Today railings are made from different breeds tree. And each kind of wood saturates the interior with a special aroma. Wooden railings will fit even the most cutting-edge design premises.
  • Metal railings are also very popular. Bent and forged railings look noble and elegant. They are very universal and fit into every interior. Only worth Responsibly approach the choice of the patterned pattern of the railing.
  • Railings made of plastic and glass. Glass panels replace balusters, and handrails in this case are made of plastic. However in this case, the railing can only be used with a specific interior solution. Combined with retro and classic such railing will look out of place.

Important points taken into account in the manufacture of railings

Railing HeightRailing Height

Here you should pay special attention to the form. If you have children, it is highly likely that the railing may be subject to large tests. The child is likely to repeatedly test the strength railings, for example, loosening on them or simply rolling on them. It is also worth noting that the lower part of the railing should be done so so that your baby cannot slip between the elements. what As for height, it is worth thinking about it separately. Minimum railing height – 900 mm. The best height for a person taller in 1.80 m is 1200 mm.

As for the surface of the railing, it should be perfect smooth. If the staircase is narrow, then it is allowed railing installation only on one side. However, if its width exceeds 1250 mm, then both sides should be equipped with handrails. Also note that the distance between balusters in case of small residents can not exceed 150 mm.

The tool is an important part of the preparatory process.

Before making the railing, prepare the entire tool. It’s all here of course depends on the source material you have chosen for manufacturing railings. If the railing is metal, then you will need a welding machine with additional necessary for it materials. If you equip a staircase with a handrail of wood, then pre-prepare such a tool:

Wooden staircase railingWooden railing stairs

  • two hammers – light and medium weight,
  • chisels
  • wood hacksaw
  • screwdrivers
  • bit,
  • electric drill
  • a skin
  • jigsaw
  • metal square, plumb or level,
  • screwdriver.

The work of the master is afraid! Making stair railing

First of all, collect all the necessary work elements. The railing assembly kit includes:

  1. Handrails – this is the part of the railing for which a person holds by hand.
  2. Balusters – are vertical racks on which handrails are held.
  3. Swivel and end stands are more durable than balusters, racks installed vertically. They are put at the beginning and at the end, as well as in the places where the staircase rotates.


Hand-made elements of the railing, keep in mind that some part of the finished parts in the assembly process will go to waste. This may be due to errors in the process. performance of work. Experts say that they will be defective 10% of the items. So do more items than actually required.

The assembly process depends on the source material. If it goes about assembling metal railings, the main action is to joining parts together using welding apparatus. If you do not know how to handle it, then it is better to call on specialist house. Connect metal parts with rivets, however, such a connection is not very reliable.

Sizes of balustersSizes of balusters

For the manufacture of wooden handrails, balusters and turntables You will need wooden blocks of different sections. For their processing need a jigsaw. With it, you give the details a form. After of this you should carefully grind the surface of all elements for the railing. And at the next stage, you can do the process installation.

Installation of wooden railing. Learning to do the right thing!

The installation of the railing should begin with the installation of end stands. it points from which you need to build on in the process of performing work. They should be installed at the beginning and at the end of the stairs, and also on its bends.

Fasten the lace on one of the pedestals and pull it between everyone pedestals. So, you will determine the location of the handrail, which will allow you correctly and securely fix it.

Mounting wooden balustersWooden fastening baluster

Then outline the mounting points of the balusters. Distance between them determined individually, however, it is not recommended to put them further 20 cm from each other. Complete installation only welcome. You can fix these elements to both steps and to the bowstrings on which the steps are fixed. If you decide to fix balusters to bowstrings, then you need to first cut them under given angle. Accordingly, the steps of the baluster are mounted horizontally.

Fixing balusters with nails is not very effective. Practice indicates that fastening with nails during operation is quick loosens. It is better to use self-tapping screws and specially the glue intended for this.

Handrail dimensionsHandrail Dimensions

Now balusters should be attached to the handrail. If you do in there are special grooves for the entrance of the baluster, then the installation process the railing for the stairs will be simplified. In those places where the stairs turns, for mounting balusters on the handrail you need to do special transition element that is filed under a certain angle.

After the balusters are installed, putty all the gaps. Clean the surface of the finished railing from dirt and dust. All Sand defects. Now leave the design so that it could finally dry out. Then proceed to the finish a finish comprising varnishing the surface of the railing or paint.

Natural materialsNatural materials

If you want the wooden surface of the railing to preserve the beauty of the natural pattern, then for their processing you can use parquet lacquer.

On this, the installation of handrails made of wood will be completely completed.

We buy material for forged railings

Forging stair railing is much more difficult to do than their wooden counterparts. However, the effort is worth it! Initially you you should purchase the source material and assemble the tool:

  • Level, grinder with nozzles, cleaning circle.
  • Welding machine with electrodes, mask.
  • Metal and metal profiles of different sections. It’s better use a profile of a small section, because it is easier chop and shape it.

Sketches of metal railingsMetal sketches railing

Before starting work, it is very important to think over the sketch of the railing. It is important to take into account that the finished railing must correspond to all features of the interior in the house.

You are unlikely to realize a very complex project at home will succeed. Because for this you need a horn and a pneumatic hammer. Select more modest, but no less attractive design.

Prepare the place for assembly beforehand. At the site should be a special coating on which you can paint in scale 1: 1 steps. To do this, take measurements. Measure the height and depth of all steps. Now draw the silhouette of the stairs on prepared site. Then outline the outline of the railing.

The posts should be spaced 10 cm from the first and last stage. This is necessary for a reliable and durable mount. pillars of railings.

We come up with a pattern and embody the idea

After you have drawn the frame, think over the pattern. For instance, it can be balusters resembling a vine. Her can decorate with metal sheets sold in specialized stores. For drawing use easily erased chalk.

When you make the pattern, take the rope and determine the length with it each individual curl. To do this, attach the lace and measure section. According to the measurements, cut the profile. Moreover, the profile should be a little longer. Such a stock will help you make less mistakes. If he is superfluous, then you can always him cut off.

Getting to forging and welding a frame with a pattern

Each prepared segment you need to give a shape that conceived by pattern. Use of the hearth at home impossible, so bending the profile will have to be cold. For this, certainly should be patient.

Production of metal railingManufacture metal railing

Use a hammer and vise for this. Insert a line into them profile and try to bend it with a gas key. Several attempts and you get hooked! Then, if necessary, you should trim everything Extra centimeters from the elements of the pattern. The resulting forged elements must match the pattern with maximum accuracy.

Now you need a welding machine. Connect the frame first fencing. Lay out the necessary shape from the profiles and grab them by welding. It is better to make a seam temporary, so that in case of an error, it could be fixed without unnecessary labor. Now fill the frame forging elements creating a pattern. Customize part by part, fixing them. Stitch the stitches that will be possible with urgent need to disconnect. If at the end of work errors not found, turn the railing on the other side and boil everything seams as it should. Return the structure to its original position and boil on the opposite side. Now weld forged decorations that enrich the design. The finished section should be establish without tolerance.

Work as a welding machineWelding work apparatus

Strip all seams so that they are aesthetically pleasing. This process is carried out by a grinder with a cleaning circle. Protect your eyes from sparks by wearing special glasses. Then fasten the metal brush in the unit and carefully treat the surface of the railing. So you remove defects, rust and bumps.

The final stage of manufacturing – painting


You can paint the railing with a brush or spray gun. Do not forget Prior to this, prime the metal. Interestingly, only white soil will hide small irregularities, which will make it possible to paintwork The coating is smoother. When choosing paint and primer, please attention to the composition, because they must be compatible. Each layer should dry well.

If you want the wrought iron railings to look chic, you a patina for forging should be applied. So, you can decorate some forging elements. Now the manufacturing process is complete. All what you need is to install the fence in a permanent place.

Do you already have experience in the manufacture and installation of railings? Then write us comments. Your experience will be useful to us!

Read also:

  • do-it-yourself spiral staircase made of metal;
  • how to make a staircase in the house to the second floor.

A photo

Chrome railingChrome railing

RanchRanch style

Solid glass fencingSolid glass fencing


Metal fenceMetal fence

Circular metalCircular made of metal

Forged metalForged metal

Exquisite metal railingFine metal railing

Of woodFrom wood

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