Table of contents:
- 1 Features of the application of GCR
- 2 Installation Methods
- 2.1 Frameless mounting option
- 2.2 Frame mounting option
- 3 Sheathing of wooden walls
- 4 videos
- 5 Schemes
There are many ways to use construction work today. leveling wall surfaces, as well as improving sound and thermal insulation. One of the easiest and most effective – lining drywall (GCR). The use of various methods of fastening sheets due to the type of surface, the curvature of the wall and its actual destination. In order to understand all the subtleties of this classes and answer the question of how to fix drywall to the wall, it is worth finding out some important points.
Features of the application of GCR
When arranging rooms with a high moisture content (shower or bathroom, plumbing units) more appropriate apply a special type of drywall (GKLV), which has increased resistance to moisture and fungal formation deposits. In most cases, such sheets are issued greenish shades.
In addition, when decorating rooms with high humidity, you can use ordinary drywall (GCR), but it is necessary perform a series of protective operations to increase its moisture resistance: staining, priming or tiling.
Along with the listed types of this material, and fire-resistant drywall (GKLO). He is the same gypsum, but in this embodiment the base layer is reinforced with reinforcing fiberglass and clay compounds. In sales such sheets There are pink or red shades.
Considering a particular type of material, it is worth highlighting it advantages and disadvantages. The main advantages of drywall plates:
- high sound and heat insulation characteristics;
- the ability to hide surface irregularities, wiring, water supply and heating systems;
- simple and quick installation;
- ease of use.
However, along with its merits, this material has an important a significant drawback is fragility. Plasterboard walls sheets are not able to support a lot of weight, so before by installing all partitions, foresee possible ways mounts of various heavy objects: a plasma TV, microwave ovens, speakers, etc.
Wall decoration with plasterboard is carried out on metal galvanized guides or through adhesive. The latter option is simpler and more economical, however, its it is advisable to use only with a slight curvature surface.
There are many installation options for drywall sheets, to understand the question of how to properly install, you will need to consider the most popular of them: frameless and wireframe mounting option. The first method is the most simple, since it does not require the construction of a special frame, in In this case, the sheets are fixed using special glue.
Frameless mounting option
This mounting option provides for fixing plasterboard sheets without profiles, therefore, before performing all installation work It is necessary to provide the material with reliable conditions for coupling. For this a number of activities will be required:
- prepare a solid foundation (all crumbling places and mold deposits must be cleaned, putty and aligned)
- ensure that the surface is completely protected from freezing and getting damp;
- clean the wall of building dirt, dust and other third-party substances.
The presented mounting option is more appropriate when minimal deviations of curvature values.
To complete all the mounting work, you will need to prepare necessary tools and materials. They include:
- gypsum plasterboard sheets with a thickness of 12.5 mm;
- dry plaster mix based on gypsum binder;
- container for preparing the mixture;
- paint / stationery knife;
- tape measure and construction level;
- rubber mallet;
- jigsaw / thin hacksaw;
Having finished with the preparatory measures, we proceed to performance of work. The first step is to take measurements of the wall and outline the future location of the sheets. However, in some cases, with ceiling heights above 2.5 m, it is necessary to dock the whole sheets with inserts.
Straight cuts are easiest to do on a ruler painting / stationery knife, cutting a sheet of drywall with one sides and breaking off surpluses on the other. Then it remains to cut through cardboard cover from the rear. Curved or rounded lines are better do a jigsaw / saw with a thin blade.
After completing all the slices, we proceed to the preparation of the adhesive composition. According to the attached instructions for the stucco mixture pour out all the ingredients and stir the mass.
Using a notched trowel, the surface of the sheet is covered. a uniform layer of adhesive or trowel – small tortillas.
The prepared drywall is pressed directly with a little effort to the wall by rule. Then with a rubber mallet we tap along the perimeter of the rule, constantly changing its position to glued sheet. Letting the glue dry, proceed to puttying seams and ceiling clearance.
An important point in the installation of drywall sheets is leaving optimal distances between the joining sheets. So, there should be at least 5 mm between the seams, gaps from the floor are installed depending on the width of the future baseboard and ceiling not less than 5 mm. For these purposes it is convenient to use prepared wooden blocks of the required sizes.
Frame mounting option
This method of fixing drywall is more complex and expensive, however, has a number of defining advantages. Advantages of compared to the previous method:
- higher sound and heat insulation properties;
- it becomes possible to align the large curvature of the walls;
- there is no need to prepare the surface;
- can be used when warming freezing walls.
The option of fastening sheets with a profile provides an opportunity placement of dry cables, wiring and sheets under the drywall insulation.
Fastening racks to the wall
The frame for attaching plasterboard plates can be made made of wood (timber with a section of 30 × 50) or galvanized profiles. Wooden structural elements are mounted with screws and dowel-nails.
A timber frame will cost you somewhat cheaper, however, working with a galvanized profile is much more simpler and less susceptible to destruction.
Thus, it is most expedient to use precisely The last option in the manufacture of the design. For its implementation will be required:
- gypsum plasterboard sheets with a thickness of 12.5 mm;
- metal hanging fasteners and profile;
- screws, screws and dowel-nails;
- drill with a puncher and a cross-shaped bat;
- putty and putty knife;
- grinder and scissors for metal.
Getting to work, you should measure the wall, and also outline future locations of pendant mounts and profiles. By guiding profiles are placed on the perimeter of the future finish: to ceiling, floor and wall, which are inserted at intervals of 40 cm vertical profile rails and are fixed by suspensions. Outboard fasteners are placed at a distance of 80 cm one below the other.
Then the frame is assembled. We fix the top to the ceiling guide rail using a hammer drill and dowel nails. Then using a plumb line we set and fix the lower guide profile. After the lateral intervals are fixed at the indicated intervals structural elements and bearing rails are inserted. Last attached to the hanging fasteners using 4 mm screws.
Proceed to the placement of drywall. To improve heat and soundproofing the empty space between the wall and the slabs filled with isolon or basalt wool. Sheets are attached 25 mm screws so that the caps are recessed into material.
When composing drywall sheets, it is important to consider that under each joint of the plates should have a supporting profile. Besides of this, one should not forget about the displacement of the sheets. Stitches obtained surfaces and places of fastening of screws at the end of installation works are putty.
The option of attaching drywall sheets to a wooden wall in in many ways similar to concrete work. Of the features of installation is highlight mandatory surface treatment before collection constructions. It’s worth removing all the remains of the previous decoration from the walls: insulation, communications and other excess materials.
If necessary, in places where damp or mold is formed carry out additional caulking, after which the surface It is cleaned and all external defects are removed. Further surface primed with special compounds and processed antiseptics.
All other manipulations on the arrangement of the crate and the conduct installation are similar to the methods described above.
In the course of all drywall installation work, it is important take into account all the proposed recommendations regarding issues alignment of the frame and plates, as this is directly proportional affects the service life of future cladding.
This video talks about attaching drywall to wooden wall:
Features of mounting on a metal frame:
And here is how to stick drywall:
The diagrams show the various options for attaching drywall to wall:
Frame sheathing scheme
Frameless plasterboard sheets fastening
Wall cladding diagram
GKL mount on wood frame
GKL sticking technology
GKL gluing scheme
Layout drywall frame near the window
Internal corner diagram
Wall alignment schematically
Inner lining wooden walls