“Solnechnik” will become a real decoration of any recreation area
Heliopsis in Greek means “similar to the sun”, but the birthplace of this plant is Central and North America. Today it can be found in all parts of the world, people loved the flower all over the world, giving him the beautiful nicknames “sunflower” and “golden ball “, although its second official name sounds extremely just a yellow daisy. In nature, there are about ten species of annual and perennial varieties of heliopsis.
- How to grow?
- Diseases and Pests
- Heliopsis in design
- 1 Heliposis cultivars
- 2 Varieties and description of heliopsis (photo of flowers)
- 3 Heliopsis: outdoor cultivation and care
- 4 Heliopsis flower propagation
- 5 Heliopsis Care
- 6 Diseases and pests of the flower
- 7 Heliopsis in landscape design (ideas and photos)
|Lorraine Sunshine||In addition to beautiful sunny flowers, it has another distinctive feature – beautiful variegated leaves|
|Summer Sun||The bush with the largest flowers that resemble as much as possible sunflower. This is the largest in size “sun” among others subspecies|
|Asahi||The middle is almost imperceptible, the shape of the flower is more like a view mini dahlias than daisies. Despite not very high growth, smart and incredibly lush variety. Due to relatively low location to the ground, does not require additional supports|
|Summer Pink||Like Lorraine, it stands out more with leaves than with inflorescences, each leaf has a purple color, shades closer to purple, with all the veins of his wonderfully emerald gamma. Such juicy shades in contrast emphasize brightness. yellow petals. Bizarre and shape – the edges are a little bent inward|
|Goldenfield||Each cup is filled with several tiers of petals having different length|
Bright handsome heliopsis
Varieties and description of heliopsis (photo of flowers)
Sunflower is a fairly tall plant, reaches a height almost fifteen 0 cm, while the smallest of his relatives are never taller than 70 cm. The flower has bright yellow petals with denticles. at the edges, alternately or opposite each other, in depending on the variety.
The most popular varieties of heliopsis:
- Sunflower – love gardeners for a dense flowering, each flower has a bright yellow, almost orange color and large diameter – about 9 cm. Form the petals may differ, and each variety is surprising in this in its own way: the petals can be simple, half double or completely velvety “sunbeams”.
- Grungy – the name says it all for itself: leaves and stems are completely covered with villi.
It will be a bright accent in any interior
Heliopsis: outdoor cultivation and care
Heliopsis is not capricious, despite its sunny name, not Pampered and stoically tolerates both heat and frost. Just as heroically, he will survive and drought, if for some reason you do not can water a flower. You will learn about his personal tragedy only by later and shallow flowering, but it will be a silent rebuke, which only a sensitive owner can notice. Do not say a word he, if he receives a “link” in the shade: his shoots and flowers will only become a little thinner and smaller.
Heliopsis – the little sun in your garden
Fact! The only thing that does not tolerate the “solar ball” – it is limestone and loam. He is quite comfortable in an ordinary garden the earth. If the soil is prone to accumulate excess water, before disembarkation should arrange drainage to heliopsis, and this flower will be for you immensely grateful.
Heliopsis flower propagation
There are two ways to breed and grow. mini sunflower.
- Seeds. Seeds are sown in early spring and grown as ordinary seedlings in any indoor indoor / greenhouse. Then prepare containers or cut plastic containers, pour there a typical mixture of peat and soddy soil, slightly moistened with water and the seeds fall asleep on top. You do not need to deepen them, just a slight indentation with your finger is enough. Then finished structures are covered with a film and placed in warm places.
Advice! The film should be removed and carried out periodically. airing so that future seedlings do not rot. After the appearance containers no longer cover the first sprouts, as they grow they are carefully prepared for future transplants in open soil – temper, taking for an hour or two to the street. After waiting suitable climatic conditions when the air temperature is no longer drops below 10 ° C, you can completely relocate solar “teenagers” in the “hostel” and let them exist without guardianship “parents”.
- Division. In spring, the roots are dug up plants and cut so that each part had a pair the kidneys. The dried parts are removed, the good ones are planted in new places, observing a distance of 40 cm.
In the first year of growth, the “solar ball” feeds exclusively on water and the rays of the sun, he does not need additional food. Then not more than once a month he would not mind serving him breakfast organic or green fertilizer. Heliopsis is always on strict diet, as excessive mulching is contraindicated for him. Otherwise, it will have an increase in green mass and a minimum colors.
On a note! Tall individuals need support – will have to build supports. To form a beautiful “hairstyle” of the bush, you must periodically pinch the crown and remove wilted in a timely manner бутончики.
Солнечник в любую погоду обеспечит хорошее настроение
With the advent of autumn, the bush must be “shaved baldly” – required full pruning to the root. For winter, the roots are covered with pretty leaves and coniferous paws.
On a note! Our sunny friend is unpretentious long-lived and able to exist in one place for ten years, but sometimes it grows very much, and in this case it is necessary rejuvenate – cut, thin out and transplant.
Diseases and pests of the flower
A paradox, but it turned out that heliopsis is not of interest for pests. It is also very resistant to common diseases, which affects garden crops and flowers. Only occasionally on his a small plaque or red spots may appear on the bottom, but rust and powdery mildew are easily removed using special cheap drugs that are sold in any of the stores with goods for the garden.
Heliopsis mixes wonderfully with various colors
Heliopsis in landscape design (ideas and photos)
Landscape designers often refuse pompous roses and other groomed beauties in favor of simple mini-sunflowers due to their long lasting brightness. They bribe not only ease of care and a long flowering period: as it turned out, heliopsis fits perfectly into many group combinations with other plants.
Pay attention! Heliopsis shines very juicy among stunted needles and green bushes. It looks especially beautiful next to flowers of blue and violet shades, as well as spicy herbs.
In addition to aesthetic pleasure, our sunny friend can to serve as a practical service, acting as a spectacular live hedges. Well maintained and well-formed bushes are excellent zoning the space of summer cottages.
Advice! Heliopsis fits perfectly into any style idea country, provence or rustic design, if skillfully combined with cereals, wicker decorative baskets and small wooden carts, or just plant along the fence.
This humble child of the sun impresses with its unpretentiousness and the ability to brighten your mood in one second sprinkles of petals. Treat him with tenderness, give him bright corner, occasionally water, feed, bring in order thick hair – and he will steadily give you hundreds of little suns that delight the eye from the beginning of spring and especially warm the soul with autumn gray everyday life!