Hand pump for well water

Hand pump for well water Table of contents:

  • 1 Features of hand pumps: advantages and disadvantages
  • 2 Classification of pumps
  • 3 Piston hand pump: device and features
  • 3.1 Piston type device
  • 3.1.1 Video: piston pump operation principle
  • 3.2 Varieties of piston pumps
  • 3.3 Manufacturing the piston pump yourself
  • 3.3.1 Video: how to make a piston pump
  • 4 Rod hand pump – its features
  • 5 diaphragm pump
  • 5.1 Video: Homemade Membrane Principle
  • 6 vane pump
  • 7 Manual pump – features of choice and common models
  • 8 Production and arrangement of the Abyssinian well (well) for hand pump
  • 8.1 Video: production of the Abyssinian well using the driven method – bad experience
  • 8.1.1 Video: what is an Abyssinian well and how is it to do
  • 8.2 Advantages of the Abyssinian well
  • 8.3 Geological exploration
  • 8.4 Which drilling method is better: drilling or driving
  • 8.4.1 Video: Well Drilling Technology
  • 8.4.2 Video: production of a well using the driven method
  • 8.5 What is needed for the manufacture of an Abyssinian well
  • 8.5.1 Production of a filter for water purification
  • 8.5.2 Video: how to make a filter for a well
  • 8.6 Abyssinian well technology
  • 8.7 Video: installing a hand pump
  • 8.8 Video: manual production of an Abyssinian well pomp

Not everyone succeeds in organizing an automatic system water supply of a country house, which includes installation pumping equipment. Often the main problem is financial, because for the implementation of such a project will have to to spend money. As a result, many have to come to terms with reality. and carry water in buckets from a well for irrigation and other needs. However some are encouraged by the prospect of finding an alternative solutions. For example, a hand pump for water from wells. This is the ideal solution for automating water supply process. Although it’s difficult to get a large amount, it’s better than carrying full buckets from a nearby street or carrying from somewhere worse.

In this article we will tell you about the existing types of manual pumps. Looking ahead, we note that there are 4 of their main species, including piston, rod, membrane and vane. We will consider the features of each of them and will definitely talk about well arrangement. In addition, instructions will be presented, how to make such a pump yourself. But first, let’s get acquainted with features of this equipment.

Features of hand pumps: advantages and disadvantages

The hand pump has its positive and negative qualitiesManual the pump has its positive and negative qualities

Hand pump refers to a special device, pumping fluid to the surface from the well. Are needed physical effort to act on the linkage. Unlike from automatic type, the water flow rate is much lower. But this linkage has advantages over its counterpart. If the cottage is completely lacking electricity, then you will have an uninterrupted source of water, including clean drinking.

Especially the hand pump is suitable for those who cannot wear heavy buckets. Just a few taps on the lever, you can type glass of water. This device has both positive and negative features, consider them:



There is no need to use expensive equipment.

Water pumping occurs only after pressing the lever mechanism.

Installation is possible under almost any conditions.

Low level of performance. Unlike analogues, feed liquid to the surface occurs in a very small volume.

No electrical connection required.

If any components fail, they are easy to replace.

Unlike analogues (electrical devices), a hand pump costs a lot less.

With a strong desire, you can do it yourself.

Easy to operate.

Simply install it.

Although such a device for a well can be made independently, most decide to buy finished goods. This is explained by the fact that welding is used to make the pump. Not everyone succeeds perform a high-quality weld seam, resulting in efficiency design is reduced to zero.

Pump classification

Hand pumps take on a different and even unexpected appearance.Hand held pumps take on a different and even unexpected appearance

Today you can often meet in the courtyards or in the private sector water intake columns. Such speakers have nothing to do with manual mechanical pumps. Why? In normal columns, pressure water is created by pressure in the city water supply. IN In a mechanical pump, pressure is created by means of pressure, which constantly should be pumped up, applying physical effort.

All mechanical pumps are classified into 4 main groups:

  1. Piston
  2. Barbell.
  3. Membrane
  4. Winged.

Piston are used for sources up to 10 m deep. If the depth of the borehole is 30 m, then rod-mounted devices are ideal. Membrane is mainly used for pumping water in water supply systems. As for vane hand pumps, This is the most expensive device. It is a rotary mechanism in the housing with a suction pipe.

Also, manual pumps differ in operating mode and manufacturing materials. For example, some models can operate only in the summer. The housings of such pumps may be made of plastic. There are also metal models devices that should be used in the winter season to insulate.

Now we suggest that you familiarize yourself with all types similar devices used to raise water from a well.

Piston hand pump: device and features

A piston hand pump for water. In this case, it is made of stainless steel.Piston hand pump for water. In this case, made of stainless steel

As already mentioned, a piston pump is used in cases when the water mirror is high. Maximum allowed the limit for it is 10 m. If the mirror is deeper, the pump cannot raise the liquid to the surface.

Piston type device

The design of the piston pump in all its detailsDesign piston pump in every detail

The unit is based on a special piston, which is the main working unit. The piston itself is placed in the pipe and connects to the bottom of the device. Under the influence of efforts on a special lever piston moves up and down. Once the piston is in the water, it flows through the valve into the piston space. When lifting the piston occurs ejection through the outlet pipe.

The following nodes are visible outside:

  • cylindrical body;
  • discharge pipe;
  • lever arm;
  • rod extending into the cylinder.

The inner part consists of such nodes:

  • Piston – located inside the liner and under the influence of lever mechanism comes into action.
  • Stem – partially visible from the outside.
  • Water outlet hole.
  • From below, a pipe is connected to the pump through a fitting.
  • Valves located on the piston itself.

In the diagram you can see all these nodes, as well as get acquainted with the principle of operation of this pump:

The principle of operation of the piston pump is shown in this diagram.Principle piston pump operation is shown in this diagram

It can be seen that the pump has 2 valves: one on the movable piston, the second on the fixed part, which under the influence of pressure opens and starts the water. If he will not, then pump out water will be problematic. Usually after using the pump inside a small amount of liquid remains, as can be seen in the figure on the left side. When the piston is lifted up, the valve opens, thanks to what the inner cylinder is filled with.

The figure in the center shows that when lowering the rod with a movable the piston closes the bottom valve. At the same time it opens valve on the piston and collects fluid for its subsequent raising up. When the piston is fully lowered down the cylinder, water completely comes from the lower chamber to the second.

Now on the diagram on the right side we see that the valve on the piston closed, and water exits through the pipe. As you can see, the scheme of work very simple. The only nuance of this pump is that with intensive use, rubber wears out quickly seals on the piston. Sometimes valves fail. If in liquids contain small impurities, then wear increases.

As for the performance, measured in liters of liquid, lifted in one go, it varies depending on the model. Productivity is mainly affected by the inside diameter. cylinder, that is, the volume of water that is between the first and second valve.

Video: piston pump principle

Varieties of piston pumps

These devices differ in the type of working body, which displaces fluid. So the pistons have the following types:

  • diaphragm (water is separated from the piston by a special diaphragm, and there is oil or emulsion inside the cylinder);
  • plunger (the piston has the shape of a cylinder);
  • piston (the piston has a disc-shaped).

Piston pumps also vary in their method of action:

  1. Differential. These are double-acting devices, have 2 cameras (the first camera has one valve, the second camera – suction and service valves).
  2. Double action. Unlike differential action, in In this case, the water flows evenly. The design has 2 workers cameras. Piston fluid injection in 2 turnover.
  3. Single action.

These devices also vary in the number of pistons. there is pumps with pistons of small and large diameters.

Making a piston pump yourself

This scheme will help to make a piston pump yourself.This scheme will help to make a piston pump yourself

Having dealt with the principle of operation of this device, it’s time talk about how you can do it. Many summer residents immediately consider this option, wanting to save money.

It is worth noting that you can assemble such a pump from the henchmen materials. To help you provide instructions. Although she doesn’t so detailed as it’s hard to describe all the technological processes, it tells about all the basic structural elements, which are necessary in the manufacture of the piston pump. After that you You can watch a video that complements all of the following:

Pump manufacturing instructions

Step # 1

The first step is to make the pump housing. For this you will need a metal cylinder, for example, some use fire extinguisher, a piece of pipe, a sleeve from a diesel engine and like that.

Step number 2

The length of the segment should be up to 80 cm. It will be good if it will be possible to thoroughly clean the inside of the pipe from irregularities. This will provide the piston a good stroke.

Step number 3

If you are using a piece of pipe, you should cut the cap from thick metal. A hole must be made in the lid for stock. If you are using a used fire extinguisher, then its top the rounded part is ideal for future hand pump.

Step 4

As a rod, a metal rod is used, on which it is necessary to fix the piston. Several are made in the piston holes through which water will flow.

Step number 5

Dense rubber should be secured on top of the pistons. But not so much dense that she will not be able to pass water, because when moving piston down, rubber should act as a valve.

Step 6

So, now you need to attach to the metal rod piston with valve. It is immediately inserted into the body of the future pump.

Step number 7

Pre-made hole for installing the drain nose. Pipe Ø1 / 2 can be used.

Step number 8

On the lower part, a feed fitting should be welded. Inside case on the hole in the fitting is also fixed rubber valve in in the form of a petal. It will retain water in the first chamber.

This is a good example of a homemade well pump.it a good example of a homemade well pump

These are the main processes for manufacturing a piston pump. Also the lever must be secured to raise the piston. All processes include welding work, therefore, sufficient qualification. We suggest you take a closer look at the process. workmanship in the video.

Video: how to make a piston pump

Barbell hand pump – its features

This type of pump is also known as a rod pump. It is used in cases when a water mirror lies deeper than 12 meters. With such the piston type cannot cope with the parameters. In its design they are a bit alike. The main working unit is a cylinder and a piston. The pumping process is carried out practically according to the same scheme as in case with piston counterpart. However, they differ in that the pump part is located directly in the aquifer. You You can consider its feature in the diagram:

The diagram shows the design of the sucker rod pump in all its details.On the the diagram shows the design of the sucker rod pump in all details

The slave cylinder is located directly in the water column. For the installation of such a pump requires a well with a casing. The working cylinder is connected to the main part by a pressure pipe, inside which there is a rod or rod. It is he who leads in piston movement. As for the availability of valves, here they are also 2, the first is located on the intake pipe of the cylinder, and the second on piston.

Based on this scheme, it becomes clear that the flow up not just by suction. Located in the aquifer the working cylinder creates a pillar. Every move up and down piston creates pressure, replenishing the existing column new volume of fluid. According to this scheme, water can be raised even with depths of 30 meters.

If we compare the piston and rod assemblies, then when using the latter, more effort is required to to raise water to the surface. For this reason, the pump lever often made elongated. This allows for less labor. achieve maximum piston stroke.

Similar installations are more difficult. This applies to installation work, and subsequent maintenance. However, if at your summer cottage there is no electricity, and the aquifer is located on at a depth of 25-30 meters, the rod pump is simply irreplaceable.

Diaphragm pump

The small diaphragm pump is convenient to use as it can be carried as needed.Small the diaphragm pump is easy to use, as it can be carry as needed

By such a pump is meant a special chamber, which separated by an elastic membrane. Hence its name – membrane. It can be used to raise water from a depth of 6 meters. it the device has a round casing over which are located handles.

The internal movable partition is connected to the handle. IN the design of the pump has an air chamber, it does not participate in any way water transfer. At the bottom of the device there are 2 nozzles. One of They are connected to the suction through a valve. The other acts as supercharger.

When the membrane is pressed down, in the chamber where it is located fluid, pressure rises. As a result, the valve opens. When the stem is raised, the diaphragm also rises. Under water starts to flow through the check valve. So one valve stands on the suction pipe, and the second on the exhaust.

For their manufacture, metal or cast iron is used. One of The weak points of this pump are the membrane. With frequent use she breaks through quickly. Moreover, over time, the membrane stretches and becomes elastic. Because of this performance is reduced to zero. Through the case can appear water, this is if the membrane has broken. Replace membrane It’s no big deal. But even so, the membrane Hand pumps have not been widely recognized.

Video: self-made membrane unit

Vane pump

The vane pump can be used to pump water from a wellWinged the pump can be used to pump water from wells

Another type that we describe is winged. Such a pump It is used not only for pumping clean water, but also petroleum products, sea water and other liquids. In the diagram, you You can familiarize yourself with the vane pump in all details:

The design of the vane pumpConstructive vane pump circuit

The device consists of the following components:

  1. Inlet valve.
  2. Valve seat.
  3. Screw.
  4. Body.
  5. Screw.
  6. Impeller.
  7. Exhaust valve.
  8. Lever.
  9. Cap.
  10. Ring.
  11. Shaft.
  12. Sleeve.
  13. Stuffing box.
  14. Bung.

To set the impeller in motion, it is fixed on the shaft and the handle is rigidly installed. If the pump will not be used in winter time, then on the case there is a cork which you can unscrew drain the water.

Procedure for commissioning a vane pump:

  • Rinse the inside thoroughly with hot water. it necessary, because conservation grease is applied there. In the process flushing the plugs with the suction and discharge nozzles follows take off.
  • Next, you need to install the handle.
  • Using 2 bolts, the pump should be fixed vertically.
  • After connecting the pipeline to the suction pipe. Under the vacuum should not deform the pipeline. therefore The ideal solution would be to use a metal pipe.
  • By the same principle, the pressure pipe is also attached to the pump. Please note that there are hole through which fluid is poured in devices.
  • If the depth of water intake is more than 1 meter, then be sure to the suction pipe is fixed check valve. He will allow ensure the normal operation of the pump.
  • It is equally important to ensure complete tightness of the suction the pipeline. Otherwise, the device will not function normally. will be.

The vane pump for water is small and small in capacity.Winged the water pump is small and small performance

The main disadvantage of the vane pump is small performance. That is why it is rarely used at home. the farm. He will cope with a small amount of water.

Manual pump – features of choice and common models

We examined with you the main types of hand pumps, which can be used to raise water from a well. If done independently does not work, then you can consider already finished models. When choosing, you must consider the following nuances:

  • An important selection criterion is the depth of the well. This indicator compare with the parameters of the pumps.
  • It is also important to know the performance, namely how much water he can deflate in one cycle.
  • The diameter of the casing is taken into account. It’s important to keep in mind one caveat: if the diameter of the casing is less than 100 mm, then you do not it will be possible to insert the pump assembly of the rod pump into it.
  • You should know the degree of contamination of the source. Usually in passport to the products indicated technical indicators.
  • Evaluate your strengths, whether it will turn out to raise water with a large depths on their own.
  • Differences in installation methods. So immediately think which the installation method is acceptable in your case, for example, it may be stationary installation or temporary, involving dismantling in end of the warm season.
  • Appearance plays a significant role.

Given these features, you can choose the pump that Perfectly fit your needs. Now let’s get acquainted with the most common models in the table:

Pump name




The case of the device is made of stainless steel. Mostly used for pumping water from wells, wells, reservoirs with a water mirror not more than 8 m. a check valve is installed. Stem pump height 0.75 m. Diameter of connection to the pipe and outlet hose 1 inch. Behind at one stroke, the pump pumps out a volume of 1.25 liters. Operation allowed at a temperature not lower than + 5 ° C. Dimensions of the device 750 × 500 × 125 mm

From 6 thousand rubles.


Used for pumping water from wells, wells, reservoirs and other containers. The piston and cylinder of the unit are made of high quality plastic. Piston ring and valves made of rubber. Other elements are metallic. This model is suitable for lifting liquids from a depth of not more than 2 m. However, it is possible to operate and at a depth of up to 9 m, if at the bottom of the suction line to the pipe install a check valve. This pump weighs 5.5 kg. Dimensions devices 540 × 180 × 550 mm. Diameter of inlet and outlet ¾.

In the region of 2500 thousand rubles.

RN-01 NZhRN-01 NZh

This piston hand pump is operated when lifting water with depth not more than 9 m. The device body is made of stainless steel. Holder, handle in black steel. Mostly green color. A check valve must be installed at the suction. Behind one cycle (down-up) of pressing the lever gives out up to 1 liter of water. Length the lever allows the elderly women to operate the pump and those whom little strength. The dimensions of the pump are 1000 × 150 × 870 mm. The installation has a weight 8 kg

In the area of ​​6.5 thousand rubles.


It is used to raise fluid from wells and wells. Mirror aquifer no more than 6 m. If you install a check valve on suction line, it is possible to raise water from a depth of 9 m. The pump can be installed on a flat surface due to the fact that the hole at the bottom allows you to bring the hose to the side. Unit height with a raised stem of 40 cm. By pressing the lever intensively, you can raise 22 l / min. Dimensions of the device 390 × 240 × 200 mm. Total weight installation reaches 7 kg.

From 3 thousand rubles.


Like its analogues, it is used for pumping water from wells and wells. When using a non-return valve, water can be raised with depths of up to 9 m. The pump casing is made of cast iron. The feed is 28 l / min The device parameters are 650 × 240 × 160 mm. Total weight 15 kg pump.

From 4 thousand rubles and more.

SeriesSeries “K”

Used pump to pump water without abrasive particles. Suction lift up to 9 meters, provided that at the end suction pipe mounted check valve.

Depending on the model, from 3 to 30 thousand rubles.

GBS-86 GBS-86

A piston hand pump is used to pump fluid from wells, wells and reservoirs. Vertically able to lift water with depths of 15 m under pressure up to 1.5 atm. When installing the reverse Valve suction height up to 9 meters. With raised stem height is 64 cm. In the package you will receive a pump in partially disassembled, handle and fitting for connecting the suction pipeline with a diameter of 25 mm. Dimensions of the device 530 × 240 × 160 mm. Weight 16 kg. Supply 28 l / min.

6.5 thousand rubles or more.

D40 D40

Operation is possible both for clean water from a well / well, so polluted. Diaphragm hand pump does not require pre-filled and able to lift water from a depth of up to 6 meters. The case and nozzles are made of cast iron. Valves and diaphragm from oil and petrol resistant rubber. Dimensions of the device are 250 × 250 × 650 mm. Installation weight 13.5 kg. Productivity is 50 l / min.

From 7 thousand rubles and above.


With minimal physical effort, this pump can be lifted water from a depth of 9 m when used at the end of the suction pipe check valve. The body is made of cast iron using art casting. The pump is mounted with using flange. Height with raised stem is 62 cm. There are 2 types in this series: BSK for wall mounting and BSKG for floor mounts. In the first case, the performance of BSK is 28 l / min Its dimensions are 600 × 240 × 160 mm with a mass of 15 kg. The only difference between its counterpart is performance, which 30 l / min. They have a slight difference in cost.

From 6.2 thousand rubles.


Used to lift from a depth of not more than 16 meters. Behind double stroke of the handle gives out up to 1 liter of water. Sucker rod pump itself plunges to a depth of 16 meters and pushes the liquid out. Weight makes 127 kg with dimensions – 17560 × 230 × 1430 mm.

27.6 thousand rubles or more.

Here are some common manual options. pumps that fully satisfy the water needs of your cottage.

Production and arrangement of the Abyssinian well (well) for hand pump

The hand pump is ideal for installing it on an Abyssinian well.Manual the pump is ideal for installation on an Abyssinian well

For a hand pump, the ideal solution is to manufacture Abyssinian well or well. Typically, such wells reach depths up to 9 meters. Based on these parameters, it was developed most of these devices. At such a depth, usually a good aquifer is located, which ensures suburban area of ​​drinking water. Moreover, this one can be use for construction work.

If you watch a video about making an Abyssinian well, then immediately notice, do it yourself is real, however, there is the likelihood that you will not cope with the task. AND the reason for this is not that you are a poor master, perhaps simply water cannot be found or other problems arise. In this you You can make sure by watching a video where all the rules are followed work, but home craftsmen failed.

Video: production of the Abyssinian well using the driven method – bad experience

As you can see from the video, all the details of the work were observed, but in As a result, it was not possible to hammer the pipe, it broke off. Though the fact that there simply was not enough experience in performance of these works. Moreover, part of the pipe remained in the soil. Given this, it is worth considering everything carefully and weighing everything for and against.

The Abyssinian well is made using the drilling methodAbyssinian the well is drilled

An important condition for the manufacture of the Abyssinian well – composition soil. It should be predominantly sandy or consist of mixtures of rubble and sand. If you have rocky soil, then yourself it’s not possible to break into the depths, unless you make the rig yourself installation. However, not everyone can do it. Therefore in most Masters call for help. If the soil is predominantly sandy, then the work of manufacturing and arranging the Abyssinian wells can be completed with your own hands. Therefore, further we we’ll tell you about driving technology, because the drilling is mainly used by specialists. On this subject you can look prepared videos.

Video: what is an Abyssinian well and how to make it

Abyssinian Well Benefits

First, let’s imagine the real picture of what advantages such a well in comparison with analogues:

Benefits of the Abyssinian Well


Today, the cost of producing a well for you will cost a little more than 20 thousand rubles. You won’t need to rent a large amount of equipment. Usually specialists come on their machine and bring all the equipment in a small amount. If you decide to make a well yourself, then the whole assembly and preparing the necessary equipment will not cost you the same expensive, unless you decide to make a homemade drilling rig. If the driving method is chosen, then about 10 thousand rubles will be required for purchase of necessary equipment. Although you have to make a lot effort, the result will not leave you indifferent.

Quick and easy

There is no need for a tripod and a drill towers. In the Russian Federation, an aquifer lies at a depth of 2 to 15 meters. If the soil is mostly sandy, then two strong men can do it in one day (in some cases in a few hours). Moreover, if the drill gets stuck or rests on a stone, it is easy to remove it yourself. But it happens bad experience when the pipe can break (about this you could see in the video above in the article).

Environmental friendliness

If your home is far from the city, then it’s real to find good water at such a depth that will be quite suitable for a drink. Moreover, it will not be inferior in quality to water, located in deeper aquifers.

Operating time

If all conditions are met during manufacturing, the service life may be about 30 years, provided that the water does not end. Therefore, the duration depends on the debit of the source.

Lack of permission

This is perhaps the main advantage of the Abyssinian well. For its manufacture does not need to obtain permission. Are needed permissions for an artesian well, and for an Abyssinian well not are needed.

Geological exploration

Water levels may vary in different areas.Level occurrence of water in different areas may vary

First of all, you need to study the geology of your area. If next to you are neighbors, you can ask them, what is the condition of the soil and at what depth does the water lie. Problems will not occur if the aquifer lies at a depth of not more than 9 meters. If the depth is greater, then use a hand pump problematic.

Mostly the aquifer is composed of medium grained sand or sand with small gravel. It is through such a soil that water will do well. Now it’s important to determine which method it is best to drill with a drill or a drill.

Which drilling method is better: drilling or driving

The diagram shows how to drill an Abyssinian well using the driven methodOn the the diagram shows how to drill an Abyssinian well with a driven method

If you decide to make a well yourself, here suitable option – driving. To do this, use a woman. “However, there is always a chance to get past an aquifer. And if at a depth there is a stone, then the whole structure can be to harm.

If the drilling method is chosen, then it is better to turn to to specialists. In this case, you have a great chance to get Abyssinian well with water. You can watch the videos where This method is demonstrated.

Video: Well Drilling Technology

We also suggest that you familiarize yourself with the manufacturing technology. wells driven method. Thanks to this, you can compare everything labor costs.

Video: production of a well using a driving method

What is needed for the manufacture of an Abyssinian well

A needle for drilling an Abyssinian wellDrilling needle abyssinian well

First of all, you need to prepare all the necessary material and equipment. The main equipment is presented in the table:




By needle is meant a steel cone or point. Tip can be done independently on a lathe or ordered from masters. The diameter of the needle should be 20 mm larger than the diameter installed pipe. Length not less than 200 and more than 300 mm. Needle soldered to a pipe or twisted by thread. If you decide her solder, then you can not use lead (you can poison the water). For solder should be taken tin.


He does not pass sand into a pipe with clean water. Filter as the pipe is placed at the very bottom of the well. You can do it on your own, you will learn more about this later.

Sections (pipeline)

Interconnected by thread using a sleeve. But it’s important so that the connection is tight. For convenience, one site pipes should have a length of not more than 1 meter.


After manufacturing the well, a hand pump is installed. If allow the means, then you can install electric.

Making a filter for water purification

To make it, you need a pipe 110 cm long and 1 diameter inch. A needle can be soldered or welded to one end of the pipe. how option, you can cut the pipe and flatten the end. In the pipe you need make holes Ø13 mm in increments of 50 cm in a checkerboard pattern okay.

First, holes are drilled in the pipeFirst in the pipe holes are drilled

Next is applied a filter metal mesh and tightened with clamps every 10 cm. use stainless steel or galvanized wire Ø3 mm.

After putting on a stainless filter mesh and wireAfter put on a stainless filter mesh and wire

Finally, the wire is fixed with a self-tapping screw into the pipe. That you can see the picture below:

The end of the wire is fixed with a self-tapping screwEnd of wire fixed with a self-tapping screw

This is how you can make a homemade filter. Of course, if you have there is time and materials for this.

Video: how to make a filter for a well

Abyssinian well technology

Now consider the manufacturing sequence of the Abyssinian wells on their own. All work consists of several successive steps:

  1. First you need to find a place for drilling.
  2. After that, you need to dig a pit 1 × 1 m in size and 1 m deep. Although this is optional. But if you are planning use the well in the winter, it’s better to make such a pit, in which it will be possible to warm the pipe and pump.
  3. Then you should start clogging the main pipe. For the garden drill is twisted into the ground so as to be removed from well soil. After that, a driven metal is used. a pin that is pushed into the pipe. This technique is relatively laborious. You can use the “sliding headstock.” She can be seen in the diagram below. The tip is strongly clogged into the ground and gradually deepens in the middle of the pipe.
  4. When the first pipe has completely entered the soil, onto it another one is being wound up and the work process continues. To the line passed easier into the ground, water can be added to the pipe, which will soften the soil.
  5. If water begins to flow, thoroughly rinse the line under pressure. This will allow you to break through a clogged filter.
  6. To test the performance of the finished Abyssinian well, a hand pump is installed. It is important to produce pumping water until it goes transparent.

Here is the Abyssinian well with subsequent installation of the hand pump.

Installation for drilling the Abyssinian wellSetting for drilling abyssinian wells

This design consists of the following elements:

  1. Block.
  2. Hammer grandmother.
  3. Podbabek that holds the pipeline.
  4. Pipeline.
  5. Filter.
  6. Needle.

Video: installing a hand pump

So, we examined with you the features and varieties of manual pumps, possible options for ready-made pumps for a country well, studied the features of manufacturing the Abyssinian well. If you have personal experience in carrying out such work, then be sure leave comments at the end of this article.

Video: manufacturing an Abyssinian well with a manual pump

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