Table of contents:
- 1 Types of wall shelves
- 2 Wooden shelves on the wall
- 2.1 Production
- 2.1.1 Video: Minimum Joiner Toolkit newbie
- 2.2 Assembling a wooden wall shelf
- 2.3 Making a corner wooden shelf
- 2.3.1 Video: Making a corner shelf
- 2.4 Photos of wooden shelves
- 2.5 Schemes
- 3 Shelf for books with your own hands
- 3.1 Stages of work
- 3.2 Video: bookshelf on the wall
- 4 Shelves for flowers
- 4.1 Manufacturing steps
- 4.2 Video: unusual flower shelves
- 5 Original shelves
- 5.1 Photos of the original shelves
- 6 TV shelf
Long gone are the days when homemade furniture considered the lot of very poor people. In each apartment or house there were cabinets, walls, shelves and other furniture made according to a single patterned. What design could be talked about with this approach?
Today it’s easier to choose the right furniture, but it’s not always corresponds to the desire of the owner or the preferences of the hostess. Besides Moreover, it often happens that exactly what is needed and not it turns out to find, for example, a suitable hinged shelf. In such There are 2 options left: to order its production in the workshop, hoping that you are understood and the product will be of proper quality or you can make shelves on the wall with your own hands, which will A good and convenient complement to the design.
Types of Wall Shelves
- 1 Types of Wall Shelves
- 2 Wooden shelves on the wall
- 3 DIY bookshelf
- 4 Shelves for flowers
- 5 Original shelves
- 6 TV shelf
Types of Wall Shelves
Thanks to the modern universal tool home a craftsman can make almost any shelf, even in conditions apartments, not to mention working in his workshop. However before how to take up the tool, it is important to determine the type designed shelves. This will help the table, which describes design features of wall shelves and their area application.
Type of wall shelf
It is generally accepted that classics are part of an ancient culture, come down to us. It is also called a common style sample. Classic-style shelves are simple manufacturing and uncomplicated form, so they are easy to make in home conditions.
Corner shelves are triangular in shape and attached to two to the walls. Most often this is a small design located in the bathroom or in a room where other types of shelves will interfere. Also angular shelves can be external.
The hinged shelves are designed for hanging on a level surface and most often are above average. Such the arrangement allows not to occupy free space premises.
Floor shelves can not only stand on legs, but also, for more stability, be attached to the wall, especially when they are narrow and tall. Most often these are shelves such as whatnots or vertically arranged modes.
The word modus is often used to denote varieties. forms. For this reason, shelves with different sizes used parts began to be called modes. Sometimes it may resemble abstractionism. Various types of modes can be found in one or a different style of room.
This is not a separate section, but a collection of all the extraordinary and non-standard. You can meet the shelves from old suitcases, obsolete your TV and even water pipes. The limits for imagination not.
Wooden shelves on the wall
Wood is an excellent material since from it the shelf will turn out attractive, sound, ergonomic and practical. Although the rapid development of scientific and technological progress, as well as the appearance on the market of new technologies and innovative materials did not use natural tree less popular and sought after, yet among admirers natural beauty and style, it is still in demand.
This beautiful curly shelf is made of solid pine
Benefits of Solid Wood Furniture abundantly, and the point is not only in attractive appearance, but and in high performance due to which wood For many centuries, it has been used both for construction purposes and for manufacturing of original interior items. Not even having extensive experience in carpentry, you can make beautiful wooden shelf. If you are new, it’s best to start from this universal building material, taking basis soft, inexpensive wood species designed for making furniture.
First of all, you need to think over the dimensions of the manufactured shelf and determine the place where it will be, only after that acquire boards. If the design will be assembled from available material at hand, you will have to adapt to it sizes.
Of course, you can not do without a tool. The minimum is a hacksaw on wood and Phillips screwdriver. Of course, with such a set nothing to tackle designs.
Video: minimum beginner joiner toolkit
To collect something solid and beautiful, you will need:
Jigsaw or hand saw
It will be more convenient to work with a jigsaw, but if it is not in available, then you can use a standard hacksaw for wood with small tooth. Using this tool, blanks will be cut for the future shelf.
Grinder or a set of skins of different grain sizes
What the grinder does in 5 minutes will have to be manually spend an entire hour. Using this tool is performed sanding blanks, and then the entire shelf.
If shelves are made of chipboard, then in such parts it is impossible tighten self-tapping screws or confirmations without first having drilled hole for this fixture. In wooden parts, you also need to drill holes for screws.
Screwdriver or screwdriver
Only if the shelf is small and uncomplicated, you can safely tighten a few screws or screws screwdriver. If there are many attachment points, then this will be done manually very difficult. Use an electric drill for these purposes. recommended as force control will not be possible screwing in.
Self-tapping screws or screws. When working with chipboard, it is recommended to fix confirmations
In addition to the fasteners themselves, it is advisable to buy caps for the color of the shelf. It is important to know that depending on the chosen fastener are selected individually.
Varnishes for wood are different. Many people prefer use alkyd varnishes with additives of the urethane group, since it dries quickly (up to 12 hours) and is very durable, which is important for products that will often be used.
Medium brush (40 – 80 mm)
The shelf will need to be opened with varnish. At home this the procedure can be performed using a brush. Since most varnishes for wood are toxic and emit a pungent smell, then work is needed perform in a ventilated non-residential premises.
With it, you can make all the corners even. If already this no tool, then you can check the correctness of the angles of ceramic tiled. The accuracy will not, of course, be perfect, but still better, than nothing.
To make a wooden shelf more beautiful will turn out manual a milling cutter with which you can create a variety of decorative patterns at the corners, at the ends and in the middle of the product.
After acquiring wood, you need to inspect it in order to have an idea of how the manufactured shelf will look. A business in that the raw boards are not very different from each other, but after applying the stain, dark places will become more pronounced, than bright places. If you cannot make one board sidewalls, then select boards whose texture will be similar.
Consider the manufacture of shelves by example. Let’s say that we need a wooden wall shelf for 3 cells, the dimensions of which will be 100 cm wide and 40 cm high.
For the convenience of calculations, we will not calculate the depth of the product. The thickness of the board is 2 cm. The length of the screws is 40-50 mm.
So, we need to cut such blanks from the board lengths:
- 50 cm – 2 pcs.
- 96 cm – 2 pcs.
- 26 cm – 2 pcs.
Now let’s explain how we got such dimensions.
If everything is clear with the sidewalls of 50 cm, then the length of the rest Details need to be calculated. For example, 2 horizontal parts have 96 cm long. Nothing complicated here either. With a shelf width of 100 cm, subtract the thickness of the two boards used as side walls:
100- (2 + 2) = 96 cm.
Similarly, we get the height of the jumpers (vertical 2 parts), with a height of the inner part of the shelf 30 cm:
30- (2 + 2) = 26 cm.
It goes without saying that all paired parts (in our case) must be the same size.
Assembling a wooden wall shelf
Each part needs to be processed with a grinder, only then it can be stapled with other parts in a single design. Hands must be clean because untreated wood is very marka.
Let’s go back to our diagram, where you can see that the bottom the board is slightly elevated above the lower level, which is 2 explanations: firstly, it makes the shelf more beautiful, and secondly, protects the lower edge of the sidewalls from cracking when screwed self-tapping screws. Usually this indentation is within 1 cm, but if need it, you can do more. For safety in place screwing a screw into the lower part of the sidewall is necessary in advance drill holes with a thin drill. In our case, they will be on 2 cm high from the bottom edge of the sidewalls (1 cm indent + 1 cm to mid thickness of the screwed board).
Now step by step about the assembly process.
- Raising the lower shelf by 1 cm, they are screwed to it alternately side parts. It is necessary to ensure that when screwing screws they were located directly.
- Turning the workpiece upside down, mark the position of future shelves. If the cell sizes are the same, then 96 cm is divided by 3 (in our example, 3 cells). It will turn out 32 cm. We retreat from the sides on 32 cm and put on the board the points at which they will be screwed self-tapping screws (3 centimeters from the edge of the board). The line is better not to draw, so how it will be visible under a layer of varnish, and put on the ends of the board small tags.
- In this position, the bottom of the shelf is screwed jumpers.
- The shelf flips over and after checking the verticality the location of the jumpers they are screwed.
- Now it’s the turn to mount the sidewalls to the top crossbar.
- To keep the shelf level, and subsequently not warped, bottom, on the back, you can fix the location parts by flat window corners. If the back will be attached wall, then the corners are not needed.
- The assembled structure is painted with stain, after drying which, you can start varnishing.
- The entire surface of the shelf must be cleaned of dust and dirt. After applying the first layer, you need to check whether there are villi in it. If is, then you need to again sander everything with an abrasive sandpaper to remove them. If the varnish is thick and does not lie in an even layer, then it can be dilute slightly with a solvent that recommends manufacturer.
- In total, you need to apply 3 layers of varnish, with a periodicity of 12 to 48 hours. This interval depends on the type of varnish used and ambient temperature. In any case, you need to wait for him drying out. Check the surface for bumps each time and grains of sand. If you notice something, immediately grind it with an abrasive sponge. until the defect is removed. Then again you need to apply varnish.
- After the varnish has dried, it remains to tighten the hinges at the back, after which shelf can be hung on the wall.
Making a corner wooden shelf
Corner shelves can be of very different heights, and have different number of levels.
Video: Making a corner shelf
Consider the sequence of manufacturing a wooden corner shelves from slats 20 × 50 mm.
We will do this corner shelf
- After examining the rails, you need to choose the most even, with minimal the number of knots – 2 frames will be made from them, 40 × 70 in size see. For their manufacture you will need:
– 4 parts 70 cm long;
– 6 parts of 30 cm.
- It is preferable to glue the details of the frames by clamping them with clamps.
- Now it’s the turn of the shelves. They can to do:
– typesetting, gluing several rails, from which they are then cut details of the desired shape and the outside are edged with a curved rail;
– from a sheet of plywood;
– from laminated particleboard. In this case, the cut needs to be sanded and to paste over with a furniture edge or something else, on your discretion;
– from a fragment of old furniture, if the front part is smooth.
- Shelves are screwed to frames and varnished.
- It remains to fix the hinges and hang in their place made a shelf.
Set of loops for corner shelf
For a corner shelf, a set of 2 loops is best suited as in the illustration. If you hang a shelf on a loop with a wide ear, then then the shelf can be moved along the wall, and put on a second a loop.
Pictures of wood shelves
Wooden flower shelf, upholstered in copper foil
Corner shelf with base of slats
Corner Outer Shelf
Corner shelf for books
Simple wooden corner kitchen shelf
Carved Corner Shelf
Scheme wall-mounted shelves c-sizes
Such a shelf can stand on the floor or be attached to the wall
Scheme shelves in the kitchen
Shelf with speakers in parts
Wall dimensions shelves
Corner Shelf Drawing
Shelf drawing p-9
Despite the fact that electronic devices are crowding out life printed publications, nevertheless many people cherish books and magazines that are dear to their hearts, whose storage place is often leaves much to be desired. If this is the situation with you, then it will be useful to learn how to make bookshelves that would be functional and fit into the interior.
If you are not a specialist, then do not immediately take up manufacturing complex designs. Next we will look at the process. making a simple bookshelf from racks.
To work, you need a tool:
- electric drill;
- jigsaw or hacksaw for wood;
- construction square.
As for consumables, you will need:
- slats 20 × 40 cm;
- wood screws 3.5 × 45 mm (at the rate of 2 pcs. per one point fastenings).
Now you can start making shelves. First thing you need to make “ladders” – side parts (and with a long shelf length and average too).
The dimensions of the shelf will depend on the size of the book on it will be stored. If the books are not large, then the shelves 20 cm wide is enough to accommodate them. Cell height It is selected so that it is convenient to take the book with shelves. Also, the height of the cells at different levels may vary. what Regarding the height of the shelf, this is a matter of personal preference, but it is important note that although this shelf will be attached to the wall, it still doesn’t designed to be suspended, therefore it will be stand on a solid surface.
First, rails are prepared that will be used in the quality of the racks, and the crossbars are already attached to them, for which the edges holes are drilled with a thin drill on each plank.
Preparation for making bookshelf
Having screwed the crossbar with one self-tapping screw, you need to check it position.
We twist the first self-tapping screw and check the angle
Aligning the rail, it is secured with a second self-tapping screw.
After checking the correct angle, twist the second self-tapping screw
Collected “ladders” are laid on the floor, and after checking the correctness of the angle begins to be fastened with slats, which are cut off, according to the length of the structure.
Assembling the design
Then the remaining slats are attached.
The frame is assembled. Now you can put it on the wall and fix
The structure rises and fastens to the wall, after which other racks used as shelves are fixed.
After screwing to the wall, install the rails shelves
Such a shelf will withstand many books.
Rack bookshelf ready and loaded with books
The assembled shelf is intended for a large number of books, but if you need a smaller design, you should pay attention to the video instructions and photos of the products you like.
Video: bookshelf on the wall
Shelves for flowers
You can often see when people decorate their homes artificial flowers, but still nothing can replace freshness natural beautiful plant. Many hosts trying to decorate wall, let climbing plants on it, hang flowerpots to ceiling or place them on shelves of their own design. The advantage of this approach is that there is the possibility make something of your own, unique and fit into the interior premises. Depending on the type of colors available and their quantity, shelf is designed.
Wooden honeycomb flower shelf
Of course, I immediately want to do something voluminous and beautiful, which is quite natural, but first you can try your hand, making a simple but neat shelf.
We need a board 120 × 25 mm long at least 130 cm. It is more convenient will sand the board while it is whole.
Take a board suitable size
After that, you need to trim one edge so that the angle is straight, and mark each 20 cm clearly at a 90 ° angle. In that a building corner will help, but if it’s not there, then you can use any solid object whose angles are straight, to for example, ceramic tiles.
Do marks on the board every 20 cm
When cutting a part, you need to hold the hacksaw at an angle relative to her. If you hold the hacksaw straight, it will be difficult to cut smooth.
Now saw it on our marks
To make the shelf, we need 6 parts of 20 cm each.
We will need 6 identical tablets
Every detail needs to be cleaned with sandpaper from all sides. The canvas used must not be coarse-grained, otherwise scratch the wood.
Each of them needs to be processed with an emery cloth
Since the screws will be twisted close to the edge of the board, then for so that it does not split, in these places you need a thin drill drill holes.
In preparation for assembly, drill holes for screws
The whole assembly process consists in fastening parts with self-tapping screws. If PVA glue is available, then the joints pre-smear them, and after giving a minute to set the glue, fasten the parts. When screwing the screws do not need to be applied excessive efforts so that the board does not crack. Enough to the self-tapping screw was flush with the board.
Putting the shelf together
Since our wall shelf, you need to fasten to it fastenings.
Fasten the fasteners
Since the height of the shelves is small, and the design is not different great strength, then it can be put curly or low plants in small pots.
The shelf is ready for she is standing flowers
Such a product can be used not only for flowers. To the shelf did not get dirty, it is best to open it with varnish.
Video: unusual shelves for flowers
If you want to diversify your interior, then comfortable, original and beautiful shelves can be made from various materials by hanging them in an office or living room. They will help conveniently arrange a lot of things and are able to give rooms more cozy view. You can make unusual shelves on the wall from wood, glass, plywood, fiberboard, pieces of tin, and even from water pipes.
We can say with confidence that the unusual shelves are the embodiment of originality and exclusivity. However, in everything you need know the measure and understand that when designing a product maintaining the style of an existing style is often required. But now it’s become fashionable to break the room into zones. Having looked at the photos in which interesting ideas are embodied, you will take something as a basis by adding its zest.
Pictures of original shelves
Modern wall shelves
Shelf for flower on a leg of twigs
Shelf in the form of honeycombs
Shelf of metal rods and wood
Unusual design products
Unusual book shelf
Metal shelf in the form of a fire escape
Construction of the old drawer
It often happens that in a small room there’s simply nowhere to go put on the tv. For example, a small kitchen is already clogged furniture, it would seem, what kind of TV can be talked about. However the way out can be a shelf located in a corner or on free wall.
In the modern concept, when televisions began to just hang on a wall, a shelf under the TV is called a shelf located under a TV on which a DVD player can stand. In or Otherwise, the shelf can be made at home. We will not dwell on simple shelves that can be placed under TV, since we already touched on the manufacture of similar ones in article, but consider only the manufacture of such that put on the tv.
Let’s start with the simplest thing – a corner shelf made of plywood, attached to the wall. In our case, it will be installed not far from the window, and so that the curtain does not interfere, on the left side make a small indentation for her. The corners of the workpiece must be sanded, afterwards, glue all of it (or only the upper part) with self-adhesive ribbon with your chosen pattern.
The corner shelf cut from plywood needs to be pasted over self-adhesive film
Fasten the screws through which it will be attached to the wall. Need to pick up the screws, length which will be slightly less than the thickness of the plywood sheet from which cut the workpiece. In our case, the front fasteners located on the bottom, and the rear on top of the workpiece, but if the bottom is nothing does not interfere, then they can also be installed under the shelf.
Screwed to a shelf fasteners
Now the shelf needs to be set to the required height and on the wall mark the attachment points. The shelf retracts to the side and in the marked holes are drilled in places.
Under the shelf holes are drilled
We insert dowels into the holes so that they do not stick out from the wall.
Insert plastic dowels
Now you can mount the shelf.
Shelf needs secure
The shelf should be installed evenly and the mountings should be well clamped.
It looks like fasteners
Now you can install a TV, and wire down through gap left in the corner.
TV set to a shelf
Such a shelf does not need additional decoration and is immediately ready for intended use.
In this article, we made a general overview of wall shelves and brought an example of manufacturing simple structures. If you want to see new ideas or need help, leave a comment at the end articles.