Table of contents:
- 1 What is it for
- 1.1 Classification
- 1.2 Optimum Width
- 1.3 Basic principles of the design of the pedestrian zone
- 1.4 How to visually expand, narrow and reduce the area
- 1.5 Design Features
- 1.6 Relief when arranging paths
- 2 Crushed stone paths: advantages and disadvantages
- 3 Selecting the type of material
- 4 manufacturing steps
- 4.1 Necessary materials and tools for work
- 4.2 Marking the territory
- 4.3 Digging a trench
- 4.4 Features of laying geotextiles
- 4.4.1 Choice of fabric for the track and its role
- 4.5 Installation of borders
- 4.6 Making a “pillow”
- 4.7 Filling gravel – the final touch
- 5 Crushed stone decorative walkway
- 5.0.1 Video
- 5.1 Preparation of material before painting
- 5.1.1 Video
- 5.2 Crushed stone painting
- 5.3 Drying the painted material
- 6 videos
If rainfall occurs regularly in your area and you are tired of fighting dirt in the yard, then you should seriously think about to make a reliable track. Today, many ideas are known for their arrangement. One of the materials for this purpose is rubble, mainly used in the manufacture of concrete mix. Many home craftsmen find non-standard for him. application.
Of course, this does not mean that crushed stone just pour it onto the ground and tamp lightly. In that case, he it will simply be pressed into the ground and nothing will remain of it. To the decision This task requires an integrated approach. In this article we tell you more about how to make quality tracks from crushed stone. You will also learn about the original solution to this problem with the use of this material in different colors.
What is it for?
- 1 What is it for?
- 2 Crushed stone paths: advantages and disadvantages
- 3 Material Type Selection
- 4 Manufacturing steps
- 5 Crushed stone decorative walkway
- 6 Video
Paths have an important function in improving the surrounding territory. They play a particularly large role in organizing the garden. And if you even decided to make a thoughtful landscape design, then paths harmoniously fit into it. So, gravel execution will give your site elegance and well-groomed. Plus to everything well-groomed and neat paths are evidence of neatness and cleanliness of the owners.
Twisty garden path limited by plastic guides
But there is another important function of the tracks – practicality. Them presence creates a certain ensemble, combining various architectural elements and parts of landscape design. They can distinguish between flower beds and other flower arrangements, help to focus on individual elements of the garden.
Decorative the path around the flower bed, focuses attention and serves as a beautiful decorating landscape design
Well, the main goal of the tracks is comfortable movement. On them You can move freely even in rainy weather. Dirt from the street will not be brought into the house, therefore, your shoes will remain clean.
Main the path from the rubble is wide, due to its displacement to the side visually expanding space
All paths in the garden have their own classification, such types:
- The main ones are those that take on the main burden of the number of movements per day. It could be a track connecting the house with a gate, summer kitchen, etc.
- Minor and connecting – those that, as if the circulatory system, consisting of vessels, branches off from the main. Some of them permeate the garden, heading towards less significant object. As a rule, their configuration is simple.
So, regardless of the classification of the tracks, they should create convenient pedestrian zone in the country.
Track wide enough for movement
The width of the track depends entirely on its purpose. For instance, the main ones will have a large width, for example those that connect a house with a wicket, a sitting area, etc. The width should be such that 2 people could freely disperse on it, therefore it is considered here optimal size is from 0.9 to 1.5 m.
If the path leads to outbuildings, then its width is not may be less than the width of the garden car. Ideal 60–90 see. It is better that the width is greater than the width of the garden cart.
If you have a greenhouse, then the width of the path can be up to 50 cm. This size will also be enough to freely drive up with a trolley. If you plan to make a path between beds, then the optimal width is 30-50 cm. Such passages do not will take up a lot of space and at the same time will contribute to quality caring for plants.
Basic principles for designing a pedestrian zone
Location paths between the beds. Thanks to this plant care simplified
If the surrounding area is still at the stage design, then the formation of tracks is performed in the last turn. First you need to plan where the household buildings, recreation area, garden, greenhouses and more. Decision about where and how to lay them will come on its own.
When forming a track, it is important to understand that its bulk types in some degree imitate streams. Therefore, there can be many turns looking as natural as possible. Look already ready-made options for garden paths from gravel in this article. You can take original ideas as a basis and connect your imagination to make it even better. You might want to combine the main material with others, such as wood, large stones, etc. But here it is important to consider one point, the choice of additional material should not create inconvenience when walking.
Decorative natural stone and gravel track, great combination
It is also important to determine the scale. Making garden paths should not take much time. Therefore, their number is not may be large, otherwise the whole territory will be filled with trails. This, among other things, is bad and with aesthetic side.
How to visually expand, narrow and reduce the area
Oblong track on the site visually extends a small area
When forming a track, it is also important to consider that they can visually expand, reduce or extend the area. So if it is necessary to visually expand the area, then the passages are necessary shift to the side and narrow. On both sides of the bend also low bushes are planted, which increases the feeling of width.
If the site should, on the contrary, be reduced, then the tracks should be of medium width with a small amount. For lengthening another trick is used. For this, the width of the path is gradually tapering, but not so much that at the end it was uncomfortable to walk.
Making tracks is a creative process. There are no special rules and regulations regarding their form. It can be symmetrical, asymmetric, having smooth bends or sharp turns. Wherein the shape of garden paths should be in harmony with the overall landscape by design.
Track places accents in landscape design between flowerbeds
Relief when arranging paths
The location and direction of garden walkways is formed proceeding from the prevailing topography. If the plot is flat, then tracks can be arranged as you like. If the relief saucer-like, the arrangement may resemble the shape of the sun. For example, in the lowest place there is a pond and from it up trails will go. If there are differences on the site, the paths should zigzag, connecting together all parts of the territory smoothly lines. Construction may be required in some places. small steps.
Crushed stone paths: advantages and disadvantages
Crushed stone perfectly combined with other materials, in this case with natural stone
Before deciding to make tracks from this material, It is worth weighing the pros and cons. The table will help you. comparative characteristics:
Simplicity in arrangement, do not require high qualifications masters.
For some, walking on such a surface is difficult.
The ability to combine with other materials, for example paving stones, wood, large stones, etc.
If it is wrong to prepare the foundation, although special actions no need to undertake, will have to wage a constant struggle with weeds.
Water does not linger, which means that even in the rain you can move freely around them.
It seems to some that they do not have a special charm and look in a rustic way.
It doesn’t take much time to make a track, so as there is no need for special soil preparation and pouring concrete.
If you are used to walking barefoot in the country during the warmer months, then you can’t walk on rubble so easily with bare feet.
Low cost price.
Gray can get bored very quickly.
The use of special dyes will complement the garden bright colors.
If you have children, then in the fall they can get an injury.
Virtually no wear, which means a long period operation.
It is problematic to remove snow due to uneven surfaces, in addition, there is a risk of clearing the snow along with frozen rubble.
There is no need for special care.
The displacement of gravel will cause the formation of funnels and potholes.
There is no need for drainage.
They create a lot of dust, especially after driving.
Before laying, crushed stone does not need to be washed and cleaned.
Over time, it is easy to repair. If a small pit, it’s enough just to make a bedding.
Even after a lot of time, you can modify tracks: give them a special shape or change direction.
Material Type Selection
An important role is played by the choice of the corresponding crushed stone, which differs in size of fraction. Also several varieties, including:
The choice depends on the type of soil, the relief of the site and the destination tracks. Compare among themselves all these types of gravel:
Slate crushed stone
There is a shale screening, the smallest fraction is 5 mm. Often used as a decoration for sites, etc. coarse fraction reaches 20 mm, it is mainly used for manufacturing concrete mix. Can not withstand heavy loads, so how prone to cracking. For the construction of paths it is better to purchase quartzite shale crushed stone. It contains mica, giving the material sufficient strength.
Granite crushed stone
Fractions can be of different sizes, for example for decorative finishes used crushed stone 5–20 mm. This type of crushed stone is the most durable. It consists of hard rocks. Material resistant to low temperatures and high humidity. Ideal for coating tracks with frequent patency.
Due to its irregular shape, such crushed stone has good adhesion and does not require the manufacture of a drainage layer.
For the construction of tracks, the fraction of material can be from 5 to 70 mm If traffic is intended, then the fraction should be more. If it is intended only for pedestrians, then smaller. If the track will perform only a decorative function, then screening with a fraction of up to 5 mm is used.
Track, made of gravel and fenced with wooden posts
All work consists of several sequential processes:
- trench preparation;
- installation of borders, if necessary;
- making a pillow;
- Backfill rubble.
Layout of a track from crushed stone
Necessary materials and tools for work
For all work, you will need to prepare the following:
- Clay, sand and coarse gravel to create a “pillow”.
- Container for mixing components.
- Fine crushed stone for the track.
- Nylon thread.
Markup future track with a rope and peg
At first it would be nice to draw a small project on a piece of paper paper. After that, everything is scaled up to plot. Pegs and nylon thread are used for marking. Between pegs pitch should be no more than 1 meter. This will allow more accurate convey the shape of the future track.
As for the pegs, they should be small. They are clog into the ground, and a thread is attached to them. If the path will be winding, then you can use a rubber hose for marking. At When marking, be sure to consider the size of the geotissue.
After marking, you should dig a trench for laying rubble. Not having to dig too deep. Just delete here upper fertile layer or turf – the depth of the pit will be up to 20 see. The easiest method to do this: dig along the contours of the track with a bayonet shovel, and in the middle choose a pointed shovel. This the method is relevant if the soil on the site without solid impurities.
The foundation pit should be cleaned of all kinds of debris, roots and weed. The bottom is carefully rammed and poured a layer of sand 5-10 cm, which is also tamped.
Features of laying geotextiles
Stacking geotextile under the track, it is important to avoid wrinkles and wrinkles
Lay geotextiles on top of the sand. Along the edges he should protrude above the ground to 10 cm, after completion of work just need to be cut with scissors or a sharp knife. This the fabric has no front side, so you can lay it any side.
When installing the geotissue, avoid wrinkles and wrinkles. Each the subsequent sheet of geotissue should be overlapped more than 15 cm.
The choice of fabric for the track and its role
Geotextile for the track should not be organic
The main function of geotextiles is to drain, separate building materials and protecting gravel from mixing with the soil, preventing the germination of weed roots and shrubs. Considering low loads, for a gravel track it will be enough use geotextile with a density of 150-200 g / m2. Mostly polyester or polypropylene.
Organic fabric is not recommended. This The material is not durable.
If we talk about the role of geotextiles in the device of tracks, then here The following can be distinguished:
- the operational life of the trail is increased;
- excludes the possibility of germination of weeds;
- track cover is protected from soil;
- geotextile combined with crushed stone also serves as an excellent drainage.
Installation of borders
Installation cement pavement curbs
So that gravel does not go beyond the edge of the path, be sure to a border is set to serve as limiter. Can be used:
- concrete curb;
- a natural stone;
- wooden posts or boards;
- plastic, etc.
Above the ground, the curb should rise to a distance of 7 see. If you plan to use a brick or stone, then It is recommended to prepare a cement-sand pillow. If selected wooden pegs or boards, then they must be processed special antiseptic against decay.
Making a pillow
Manufacture cushions under the track, for this gravel is mixed with clay or sand
Under laying the front layer, be sure to put “pillow”, which will consist of clay and gravel of a large fraction. After pouring the mixture over the geotextile, it should be poured with water. After this is rammed. You can also not mix these materials, first fill the trench with crushed stone, and then clay, while each layer is filled with water and rammed.
Instead of clay, you can use sand, this will increase drainage gravel track properties. In this case, the work looks like this: geotextile is put, after large crushed stone, then, repeatedly, fabric and finally sand. The easiest option is to fill up the trench tamp with crushed stone and close it with geotextile, so that large the fraction was not mixed with the fine.
Gravel backfill – the finishing touch
Gravel covered with a uniform layer on top of geotextile
The final stage – backfilling of the trench with the prepared “pillow” gravel. On average per 1 m2, the consumption will be up to 50 kg, provided that the layer thickness is up to 3 cm. Accordingly, with increasing layer, the flow rate also increases. material. When you have completely covered the rubble, it is necessary level with a rake and tamp.
Crushed stone decorative walkway
Track can be decorative from colored gravel
If you want to make a decorative path that will decorate the general look of landscape design then you can use colored rubble. Of course, it is sold ready-made, but, on the other hand, you can paint this material yourself. The whole process consists of several stages:
- preparation of material;
Preparation of material before painting
The fraction of purchased gravel can be diverse, since it the manufacturer does not sort it for your needs. For sorting often use the device “screen”, thanks which is the separation of the fine fraction from the large. Clear you don’t have it, so you can use metal mesh. The desired fraction will slip through the grid, while the large one remains on its surface.
It is worth noting that pebbles are best used for painting fractions of 10 mm. This size will be ideal for making garden decorative tracks.
Crushed stone painting
Crushed stone can paint in any desired color
After this, crushed stone is poured into the concrete mixer. With the help of this devices will be easiest to mix material with dye evenly. For coloring, use acrylic or polymer paint. For uniform coloring of the concrete mixer should be left on for one hour on.
Drying the painted material
After the set time, crushed stone is unloaded into the tank. It may happen that paint remains at the bottom. Through her sieve should be traced, and the sifted gravel should be laid out in the open in the air. Already painted material can be used for making a decorative walkway or decorating a flower bed.
So, in this article, we looked at the main points of how arrange the paths in the garden so that they eventually served more than one year. If you know other ideas or not voiced in the article the subtleties of making paths from gravel, then Be sure to leave comments at the end of this article.