Table of contents:
- 1 Features
- 2 Designations of the main structural elements
- 3 Installing the rafter frame
- 4 Installation of a valley
- 5 Lathing, insulation and roof installation
- 6 videos
- 7 Photos
- 8 Schemes
Among the various roof structures, the most complex and multi-forceps is considered attractive. Feature of its design lies in a large number of complex elements. These include pediments, forceps, endova and ribs. In this article we will tell how build a multi-gable roof with your hands, show the drawings and diagrams, photo and video materials.
Most often, a multi-gable roof is made in several cases:
- during the extension of the premises;
- for mounting side lighting in the attic;
- in buildings with complex layout and many rooms.
Rafter scheme the system
A simple gable roof option is a gable roof without gables. In this design, the upper triangular section of the wall called forceps. There is no multi-gable roof during the construction process simple steps, all actions, starting with calculations, require knowledge and skills. The roof device allows you to place a residential the room. Despite the difficulties, homeowners take on independent installation, which saves a significant amount funds. A multi-gable roof will require tremendous physical and financial costs, but will delight the creators of architectural the beauty of the building.
- thanks to a balanced roof truss system withstands high loads;
- the roof has an original and attractive appearance;
- the design is reliable and durable;
- there is free space for an extra room or attic;
- on steep slopes, snow cover does not linger.
- complex construction requiring competent calculations and installation;
- a large amount of waste arising from the cutting of roofing material, especially metal;
- high load on the valley due to snow;
- the need for high-quality waterproofing internal joints.
Designation of the main structural elements
Endova – a place of internal connection of stingrays, they are one from key nodes. They have to withstand a significant load. from snow accumulation, therefore, support is provided from below from the system props and struts. Waterproofing the node is of great importance, according to all water flowing down the roof passes to the endovas. Any mistake construction will result in leakage.
Ribs – represent the outer corner connected stingrays. One of the hardest places in the design multi-gable roof is considered the intersection of the ridge beam, to which adjoins the endow. The skate is one of the edges of the roof.
Shchipets – a section of the wall bounded by slopes, he obtained in the form of a triangle and does not separate from the wall cornice.
Mauerlat – the foundation of the entire roof, load balancing on the walls and foundation.
Rafters – layered, hanging and diagonal.
Lathing – timber frame, necessary for fixing roofing material and insulation.
Installation of the rafter frame
Rafter system the roof
The base of the multi-gable roof is Mauerlat. Base element subjected to high load, therefore, it uses a beam section 150 × 150 mm. It is attached to the walls of the building by anchors, incorporated in the process of building a house. They rely on Mauerlat rafters. Rafters can be layered and hanging. Their choice determined by design features.
In the case of hip and semi-hip roofs at the joints stingrays set diagonal rafter legs. On those elements account for the main load, so they require amplification spongers. Such rafters can be made double, connected from two boards 150 × 50 mm. Rafter legs reinforced struts and crossbars, form a farm. To provide attractive multi-gable roofing and necessary rigidity constructions, all details of trusses are made by template. Beginners builders can collect farms not by cutting, but by bonding them overhead metal elements.
Type of rafter systems on top
The rafters are fastened to the Mauerlat by sawing, installation of brackets or corners. At the top of the rafters are connected ridge beam. When installing a rafter system in a large house areas in the role of puffs are used ceiling beams. Strengthen the design allows the lying – horizontal beam laid exactly in the middle between two walls and connected to a Mauerlat. Under sloping legs and valley can lay additional lodges.
Installation of a valley
After installing the rafters, a crate is filled on them, at the joints stingrays, where the valleys are arranged, it is continuous. Scheme waterproofing device of the inner corner provides for laying an additional layer to ensure the reliability of the structure. On the boards spreads waterproofing and the lower bar is mounted. If the endow consists of several parts, they are attached from the bottom to the top the part overlaps the edge of the lower element. Junction the lower lath and the roofing is insulated. To give the finished construction is installed upper bar endows.
The device of the lathing, insulation and installation of the roof
Roofing device pirogue
The last element of the rafter system is the crate. She it is stuffed on the rafters with a step depending on the choice of roofing coverings. For a soft roof, it is continuous, for metal tiles – in increments of 25-30 cm. On the crate horizontally the waterproofing sheet spreads, the overlap of the strips is 10 see. If warming is provided, then the material is laid under waterproofing. When isolating the structure, we must not forget about vents. For multi-gable roof recommended lightweight coating so as not to create additional the load on the rafters, for example, when laying metal tiles.
Mounting multi-gable roofing is finished
There are many options for how to make a multi-gable roof, they differ in design complexity and appearance. More organic all this type of roof looks square and rectangular houses.
Watch a video that details what you need to know for the correct design of the rafter system roofs:
Beautiful pliers roof
Pliers flexible roof
Pliers roof on a wooden house
For a country house
Multi-gable roof with the attic
Pliers drawing the roof
Window frame on multi-gable roof
Rafter multi-gable roof system
Main nodes constructions