Table of contents:
- 1 Types
- 2 Tips
- 3 Preparing walls for decoration
- 4 Application
- 5 bark beetle
- 5.1 Wall preparation and primer
- 5.2 Solution preparation
- 5.3 Application
- 5.4 Grinding
- 5.5 Painting
- 6 Putty
- 6.1 Tools and materials
- 6.2 calculation of the amount of material
- 6.3 Preparing the walls
- 6.4 Application of homemade plaster
- 7 Photos
- 8 videos
The times of total deficit generated by Soviet era. After all, then wall decoration in the room was a thing clear and simple. Today there are many finishing materials:
- liquid wallpaper;
- facing panels;
- modern paints.
But decorative plaster is a real breakthrough in technology construction and repair. This is absolutely not the plaster that put under the wallpaper, and a completely new independent material.
Excellent qualities of decorative plaster do not need additional recommendations. Two rooms, even decorated with one and by the same person, using the same materials and equipment, will never be the same. Each is exclusive, because the picture plaster on the wall is impossible to repeat. You can use it create interesting effects, you only need to master the necessary technique. This coating is very durable to various kinds harmful effects. It’s hard to get it dirty, but if it’s somehow way happened – easy to wash.
The plaster is environmentally friendly, does not emit harmful chemical compounds.
In addition, it improves the soundproofness of the walls. In the shops such material is sold dry, it is made on the basis of binders. As fillers can be used crumbs, sand, stones or fibers with additives of antiseptics, dyes, thickeners. In this article we will tell you how to do do-it-yourself decorative wall plastering what methods and materials for this exist, as well as show photos and video instructions.
- 1 Kinds
- 2 Advice
- 3 Preparing walls for decoration
- 4 Application
- 5 Bark beetle
- 6 Putty
- 7 A photo
- 8 Video
Conventionally, plaster is divided into:
Facade plaster is much more resistant to aggressive environmental influences and is used for external work. Interior, in turn, is divided into:
There is also a classification by surface type, which It turns out as a result. For example, under the “roller”, “fur coat”, “rust” and etc.
In general, each type of plaster has its own characteristics in the application. For example, expensive “Venetian” plaster is applied in several layers, in a special way, requiring thorough professional skills, it can be coated with wax on top. This is beyond the reach of a beginner, therefore it is better to contact a professional.
If you still want to do the repair yourself, it’s better to choose bark beetle plaster. To apply it, you only need ordinary spatula.
Work with ordinary decorative plaster will even submit a beginner, because spoiling such a coating is extremely difficult. Too much there is no need to thoroughly prepare the walls – it itself will smooth everything defects. Such decorative wall plaster will also give your flight design thoughts.
Preparing walls for decoration
It is necessary to thoroughly clean the wall of the remnants of the previous coating (paint, wallpaper, etc.). Exfoliated areas are removed, and cracks close up. This will be enough for bark beetle plaster, but the “Venetian” and some other varieties require a perfectly even surface.
After priming and drying the surface, it is necessary to determine whether the entire area of the wall will be plastered, or part of it will go under another coating.
Zones of different claddings can be divided using paint adhesive tape or window seal.
- Spatulas of different sizes.
- Grater (wooden or plastic).
- Metal trowel.
- Tanks for solution and for water.
- Roller for textured plaster.
The solution should be prepared based on the recommendations on the package, then you get the necessary consistency. And you need to cook such a portion to choose it at a time, because otherwise the solution “grabs” right in the tank. This is a job that does not tolerate lengthy smoke breaks.
Apply the plaster with a spatula. When it gets a little thicker you can walk on it with a grater without undue pressure, creating necessary pattern. It’s better to pre-work out on a small plot.
To create a unique relief, a spatula, grater and own hands. You can use any means at hand.
Most often, newcomers create rains of different directions on the walls, circles, waves, crossed lines. Most simple to execute horizontal relief. You can also use special figured roller, then applying the pattern is much easier.
All this must be done at the maximum pace, because the layer of plaster dries very quickly. Special attention must be paid to the joints. sites to avoid influx.
Further, after 15-20 minutes, when the wall loses its wet sheen, it is necessary to slightly smooth the relief with a wet smoothing machine. It is recommended that the smoothing machine be constantly cleaned and dipped in a container with water.
If your wall was prepared for different types of coatings, then tape in the areas of separation of zones must be removed until complete plaster drying, later it will be more difficult to do, and may Minor defects remain.
After drying completely (usually about 24 hours), plaster need to be treated with fine sandpaper, which will remove all excess.
On this wall decoration with decorative plaster can considered complete. But there are people whom this does not suit, and they want to paint the wall. In this case, use only high-quality paint, resistant to moisture, sunlight and mechanical stress.
When carrying out work, you must first paint the texture areas surfaces, and only then smooth.
After the first coat has dried, a second coat should be applied. paints.
To carry out the decoration of the facade, decorative stucco bark beetle. Even an apprentice can apply it, most importantly, familiarize yourself with the technology and adhere to it as accurately as possible her.
As a rule, bark beetles are used for facade work, but because attractive texture this type of decorative plaster from recent used in interior decoration, for example, in the style of eco.
Bark beetle is used for decoration of vertical surfaces, but if you have experience in this matter, then you can even apply it to ceiling.
Wall preparation and primer
Before applying the bark beetle, you need to putty the surface of the walls, when it comes to plastered walls. Very practical to apply bark beetle directly on the foam, previously glued to the facade of the house. Alignment will come down to grouting.
To avoid cracking at the joints of the foam, use reinforcing mesh when applying putty.
To achieve proper adhesion of the plaster to the wall use a primer containing quartz sand providing excellent adhesion of the plaster to the base walls.
The products of the manufacturer are most in demand on the market Ceresit. If you decide to purchase such a primer, then under decorative plaster should use the mark CT 16.
The walls are primed shortly before applying the bark beetle. At temperature + 20ºС the primed surface will dry for 30 minutes. Consumption of the composition is 150 g / m2.
The primer is slightly translucent from under the plaster, so it the color should be as close as possible to the color of the bark beetle. For of this, it should simply be tinted in the color corresponding to the bark beetle shade.
If the bark beetle will be applied to cement-sand plaster, then surface priming is not necessary. Just dampen the wall an hour before applying the bark beetle. To achieve maximum adhesion, moisten the base with plenty of water.
In the market you can buy a ready-made mixture, it can be Ceresit CT 63 or a dry mix that you will need on your own to cook. If we talk about price, it’s better from an economic point of view purchase a dry mixture, as it is cheaper.
To prepare decorative plaster from a dry mixture, you you will need a drill with a mixer nozzle, water and a container for kneading.
The bark beetle dries quickly and cannot be mixed with water. therefore do a little kneading, especially if you do not have experience in working with decorative plaster.
Given the size of marble chips, the calculation the amount of bark beetle. For a small fraction of XS, the consumption is 700 g / m2, for XL – 1700 g / m2, and for XXL – 2000 g / m2. To make joints invisible bark beetle on the wall at a time.
So, to prepare the mixture, pour indicated on the package the amount of water in the tank. In this case, the water temperature should not exceed 15–20ºС. Introduce the dry mixture into the water gradually, while stir the composition with a drill with a mixer tip. Leave ready plaster for 10 minutes, and then mix again.
Only acrylic-based bark beetle can be tinted, all other types plasters are best painted on top.
The main thing when applying bark beetle is to distribute the composition according to surfaces evenly. You can do this with a metal trowel, having a length of 30 cm. You can remove excess bark beetle from it spatula 10 cm long.
The bark beetle layer should correspond to the size of marble chips, that is, within 2-3 mm. This is an important condition, because if the layer will be too thin, then the primer will be very visible as a result, the protective properties of the finish will be deteriorated. Well, if the plaster layer is too thick, the texture will not be visible bark beetle and the appearance of the facade / interior will suffer.
Since, as mentioned above, the bark beetle dries quickly, then will have to work fast too. So that the surface of the walls is as uniform as possible, it is better to apply the plaster at a time. But if this is unrealistic due to the large area of the wall, then separate the strip masking tape and apply the composition lightly over the tape. Then peel off the adhesive tape without waiting for the plaster to dry. Keep going applying the plaster in the same way until all of it is covered wall.
The most important stage of work is grinding the bark beetle. From him depends on what will ultimately be the picture on the wall. This job should start immediately after the plaster begins dry out (after about 20 minutes). If the palm against the wall is not sticks, then you can proceed to grinding, which is performed with a plastic trowel.
When rubbing marble chips, chaotic recesses.
Thus, you can get the desired effect:
- “Lamb” – the pattern is formed due to short circular movements. So, on the wall there are chaotic grooves that visually similar to lamb hair.
- Rain is the most common rubbing technique. She created by up and down movements. So, you get vertical the rain. If you grind from the upper left to right lower, then the rain will be diagonal. To grind angle remained unchanged, you can mark the wall with masking tape.
- “Carpet” – grinding should be carried out in successive movements up and down and left and right.
If you cannot apply the plaster in one go, then do not rub it to the edge. Better trim the next part. walls, and then carefully rub the joints. So you can make an inconspicuous transition.
You can paint the walls the day after applying the bark beetle. Painting has some advantages over tinting the plaster. After drying the bark beetle without color can be finally leveled sandpaper layer. Coat the plaster in such a way. it is impossible, since jammed pieces will be noticeable.
Painting provides more design options. work. This aspect is especially relevant when using bark beetles in interior decoration.
The grooves underlined by a dark shade look very impressive. To achieve it, first you need to paint the wall with a dark color. After the paint coat has dried, apply a second lighter coat of paint. In this case, the second layer must be applied with a semi-dry roller. In this case, the paint does not penetrate the grooves, and they remain dark. The consumption of the coloring composition is 300 g / m2.
To improve the performance of the walls (especially appropriate for interior wall decoration), you can cover them with varnish – glossy or with sparkles.
Preparation for applying home-made decorative plaster, made of putty, begins with the definition of the premises, in which it will be applied to the walls. The choice depends on it. textures, collection of tools and even a way of mixing the composition.
Tool and materials
So, to successfully decorate the walls with putty, you will need:
- Capacity for a batch.
- Spatula and trowel.
- Metal grater.
- Construction mixer.
- Plastic film for pattern or bag.
Material quantity calculation
Take a measurement of the walls, which allows you to roughly calculate amount of raw material for decoration. Will help you with this approximate putty consumption indicated on the packaging. To save You can buy putty in the form of a powder. For making a solution in this case you will need:
- 6 kg of dry putty;
- 200 g of PVA glue;
- 2 liters of water.
Dissolve the putty with water in a suitable container. This can be done using a mixer. You should be able to homogeneous mass. Then add PVA to the mixture and bring it back to homogeneity.
For walls in rooms with low humidity, you can use gypsum or cement plaster. And for rooms with high humidity is better to use cement.
We prepare the walls
If the walls are damaged, then all loose parts must be cleaned. All cavities should be covered with cement. So, you can align walls. If the surface is unreliable, then stick to it. plaster mesh, which you subsequently putty.
After the putty coat has dried, rub it to the surface was flat. Then the walls should be primed. Use deep penetration for these purposes.
Applying homemade plaster
Apply decorative plaster made with your own hand from putties, in several ways:
- Scales. Apply putty 3-5 mm thick and then make vertical strokes with a spatula that is 10 cm wide. After after the composition has dried, it can be painted in the desired color.
- Rock. Start applying a thin layer of putty from the top corner walls. The layer should be approximately 3 mm. Then take the metal iron and attach it so that one of its sides remains in air, actually did not touch the wall. Without taking my hands draw straight lines on putty.
- Cave. Put putty on the wall, level it. Then compressed in a piece of polyethylene make a pattern, pressing it to the wall. You can do this in another way by attaching to the wall covering film. It will need to be torn off the putty through day.
- Venetian of putty. Put a little putty on the spatula, make uneven strokes with it. Sand the walls after 24 hours fine-grained sandpaper. If you need to erase only sharp angles, then make it a mesh. Prime the surface and give it to dry. Paint the wall with the base color, after the surface. His immediately after application, lightly wipe off the convex parts plaster with a damp rag. Ultimately the walls should be coated with wax / varnish on an acrylic base / gilding.
- To create an original pattern, you can use other stamps from improvised materials. For example, pieces of foam rubber, twigs, styrofoam, flowers, fabric cuts, fabric wrapped roller, stencils etc.
After your home-made decorative stucco dry, dye it or open with colored wax.
In general, this science is simple and even inexperienced can “plasterer”. If you did everything right, the interior of your home will delight you with originality and originality for long years.
Imitation plaster concrete
Unusual technique application
Brick imitation masonry
Textured plaster in the interior
We bring to your attention a series of videos about various decorative plasters and methods of their application:
If you want to order wall decoration with decorative plaster, then we recommend contacting professionals, as the price of this The products are very great. Find out the cost of decorative plaster can be on the sites of decorative coating companies. Also pay attention to the Venetian plaster, it is great Suitable for wall covering.