DIY pool

Small pool Table of contents:

  • 1 Types of pools
  • 2 Place Selection
  • 3 Assembly frame option
  • 4 Production of concrete pool
  • 5 Installation of a pool made of polypropylene
  • 6 Filter system
  • 7 videos
  • 8 Photos

It is nice to get out of the hot steam room and dive into the cold water. To make this a reality, you can make your own small pool hands. Certain types of construction are easy to assemble. alone in the yard in the country or at home. This article help the owner to please his family, you just need maximize the use of materials that are already in availability.

Types of pools

In order to have plenty to choose from, you need to know about features of various solutions and their relevance to specific conditions.

InflatableInflatable

Inflatable pools. Such products installed in less than an hour. The pool usually represents self-capacity, which is made of PVC film. So as not to there were breakthroughs and the pool lasted long enough, it is strengthened additional polyester fibers. Inflatable is only one part is the top edge. The whole scheme applies according to the principle float. Water begins to accumulate inside, the side pops up. By as the level increases, the walls are leveled and a full bowl. The kit usually includes a pump, filter, ladder and manual for assembly. Of the positive qualities we can distinguish:

  • high assembly speed;
  • relatively light weight;
  • reasonable price;
  • the ability to deploy in any conditions (the requirement will be only sufficient rigidity of the base and its evenness).

An inflatable pool usually meets all expectations requirements. But you should know about certain shortcomings: high probability of water pollution, relative fragility of the material (dropped heavy branch or sharp object may damage so much so that you have to make a full replacement). The price of such you can’t name the products low, for some samples you will need to lay out 30 thousand rubles and more.

WireframeWireframe

Wireframe. Among pools of this kind There are a large number of different solutions. In the role of support can protrude metal tubes that are going into a closed construction, and a PVC bag is placed inside. When he filled with water, the walls abut against the racks and their expansion limited to. Shield cores are assembled from separate sheets metal, which has an anti-corrosion coating, which prevents spoiling him. The inner space is organized in the same way as in the previous version.

It usually takes a whole day to install the frame pool. At he also needs a good foundation so as not to deform its weight is flooded with water. Seasonal containers will have to be disassembled in the fall and set again closer to summer. There are those who can calmly overwinter. Usually they have mounted additional stiffeners, and the main racks are large. it necessary to resist the action that will occur when water freezes. Such a pleasure would cost more than inflatable analogues.

FiberglassFiberglass

Fiberglass. In most cases, such the design is a finished cast container. She has the specified parameters: depth and capacity. Nothing is need to invent. You only need to dig up the appropriate pit, set the tanks and bring the required communications. One of the advantages is high strength. products. In some respects, it even surpasses concrete. Due to the properties of the components, the bowl is not exposed linear expansion due to temperature fluctuations. This means that the service life can be very long. proper maintenance. Fiberglass is highly repairable. The walls are so smooth that debris simply cannot linger. on them, which means that they are very easy and simple to clean. Available a large number of additional equipment, for example, can buy a variety of slides or jumps for jumping. it will delight not only children, but also adults. Low level thermal conductivity prevents rapid cooling of heated liquids.

PolypropylenePolypropylene

With a bowl of polypropylene. This alone polymer material has sufficient strength. He does not need an additional layer of waterproofing that will impede outflow of fluid. Most often for the manufacture of such options blanks are applied in sheets. They have a blue or blue color. You can assemble it yourself, but for this you will need specific tools. Most often, this is entrusted to professionals. The construction of the entire structure may take from several days to weeks. Such pools have a recessed design, therefore large-scale excavation will be required, as well as laying concrete base plates. The material is UV and chemically resistant. active substances. Thanks to this, it can be easily positioned. in the open air.

ConcreteConcrete

With concrete base. Simply put, then this is a foundation pit of arbitrary length, width and depth, which is chosen user. It is filled with a solution. Walls and bottom can be laid out with special ceramic tiles or mosaics. Almost anyone can implement such a project. suitable place. For such a pool, it is important to consider all the required communication so that it lasts as long as possible.

DomeDome

Dome. It can be any of listed options. The peculiarity is that all they have a roof. It can be made of various materials. The main highlight is that the bowl is closed on all sides, which prevents wind blowing and also promotes fast heating the water inside.

In addition to differences in the method of construction, subtypes of filtering option. It can be:

  • Skimmer. In this case, water is taken from the pool through technological holes that are on the side the walls. Moving through the channels, she gets into the filter device. There is its cleaning, disinfection and partial heating. Return to the container through nozzles.
  • Overflowing. This method is more effective, but also costs a little more in construction. Water mirror comes to the very top of the pool. Water flows through the drain hole or the upper board and falls into a special trough, and from it into the tank. IN the last is a pump with a water sensor that pumps fluid into the filter where it is being cleaned. Back fluid enters through openings that are located at the bottom of the pool.

SkimmerSkimmer

OverflowOverflow

Seat selection

In addition to choosing a pool and even before creating its drawing, it is important think about where to place it on your land. To make it easier to determine this, here are a few rules that you should consider:

  • Need an open areaNeed an open area Large vegetation. Greens and trees are always good. But moisture is required for their life through the leaves and root system. In a period when there will be water not enough, they will try by all means to advance towards her source. As it grows, the bottom may be damaged or the walls of the pool, which will cause the outflow of fluid. Therefore very it is important that such vegetation is not close. Moreover, in the fall, fallen leaves will sink to the bottom and promote the formation of algae and silt.
  • Direction of the wind. If the pool is rectangular, then its position should be such that the long side was along the direction of the average annual wind movement. it is done in order to properly install the filtration system, the fence for which will be carried out at the far edge, where all garbage collected.
  • The proximity of communications. If you plan to install a stationary options, then it is very important to consider this factor. This will allow avoid digging large numbers of trenches and laying the pipeline.
  • Relief. It will be most convenient to carry out work on a relatively flat area. Thus, it’s easier to maintain the required level, and you can also be sure that there will be no sprinkling soil from the walls. The sides of the future structure will also turn out uniform. But a slight bias will still help in organizing drainage.
  • The need for drainage. In some areas, groundwater are very close. When installing a recessed pool During the construction phase, liquid may accumulate in the pit, which will impede rapid progress. Therefore, it is worth choosing a site where there is no difficulty.

High groundwaterHigh groundwater

Frame assembly

This option can be very cheap to manufacture. For in order to realize it, you need a beam of 100 × 100 mm, edged board 100 × 30 mm or 50 × 30 mm. You will also need material that has good waterproofing and can withstand large burst pressure.

Assembling a frame pool made of wood and PVCAssembly frame pool made of wood and PVC

  • A site is selected as described above.
  • A foundation pit is excavated at a depth of 40 cm. Its dimensions should be 20 cm larger than the size of the planned pool.
  • The bottom is well compacted.
  • A slight bias is created towards the middle, where it is dug. a small pit with dimensions of 50 × 50 cm and a depth of 20 cm. It will be serve to collect water that may be overflowing the edges.
  • The whole space is covered with crushed stone of medium or small fraction. The interlayer should be 20 cm.
  • Sand is placed another 20 cm. Its very important well tamp so that the pillow is stiff enough.
  • The plane is displayed using beacons. This will allow the bowl the pool does not warp. The guides may be metal pipes or a wooden beam that is laid with using the building level.
  • From a wooden bar, which was mentioned just above, racks are made. Their number should be such that set through every meter. Total length equals pool height plus 50 cm, which must be immersed in the ground.
  • The part that will be in the ground is processed at using bituminous mastic or wrapped in roofing material. Moreover, it is necessary to cover the tree with an antiseptic composition so as not to rot appeared from constant exposure to moisture.
  • At the installation site of each column, a hole is dug to a depth 50 cm
  • Mounted corner posts. They are aligned using building level in horizontal and vertical the plane.
  • The space around them is covered with sand and soil, which well tamped to securely fix the element.
  • Diagonals are checked to get the design symmetrical.
  • Between the posts, fishing lines are pulled. One must be from below, the second from above. They are necessary in order to facilitate installation of other reference points.
  • The remaining parts are mounted with the specified step.
  • With the help of an edged board, the supporting walls are filled. Items better placed close to create a uniform plane.
  • After the manufacture of the frame, material is placed inside, which will serve as a receiver for water. It can be dense polyethylene film. It is important that it be in one piece, as on the a leak will appear at the seam site, and water will seep into the ground. The edges need to be wrapped over the top edge so that the material does not slip. during operation.
  • If you wish, you can make a more durable option. To do this, you need a PVC base, which is used for sewing tents for trailers, grommets, riveter, building hair dryer and rubber roller. The blanks are stacked inside the frame and markup is made, what bends will need to be done by corners, how much must be left for inversion, where exactly will a weld joint is made. Separate sheets are interconnected using hot air. They fit with a little overlap. Using a hairdryer, it is heated to almost full softening. Rolled by a rolling spike is formed. Doing so Need on a flat surface without debris and dust. Top edge bends by 5 cm. Using a rivet set eyelets. The distance between them should be 15 cm. Fixing the tent can be carried out to the inside. For this, he simply pressed with a screw with a washer to a wooden base. Or edge bends over the upper level, then stretches through the grommets rope and she clings to the prepared elements.
  • The finished pool is filled with water.

Assembling a purchased frame poolBuild purchase frame pool

To make the design easier to fit into the surrounding exterior, it can be partially or completely immersed in the pit. Wherein the bottom is organized in the same way as described. The system drainage can be improved. To do this, to the pit, which is located in the middle, a sewer pipe is supplied, the second end of which goes into the catchment or channel. So the water will be retract much faster.

Concrete pool manufacturing

Excavation for a concrete poolExcavation pit for concrete pool

The main task for this option will be carrying out earthen works. Having decided on the place and marking the territory, he digs out pit of the required depth. The bottom is formed in accordance with the recommendations, which were listed above.

  • The next step is digging a trench. She must connect foundation pit with a groundwater discharge site.
  • The device of the concrete poolConcrete device basin Inside the recess, which is made in the middle A pipe is laid in the pit. It is displayed through a trench to a place fluid collection.
  • The surface is covered with a layer of gravel.
  • In place of the planned location of the drain holes ladders are installed. They are made of polypropylene liner or other pipes. They are wrapped in oilcloth so that concrete does not get into the middle.
  • A reinforcing mesh is laid at the bottom. It is made of rebars with a diameter of 12 mm. It must be raised a little, so that all rods are subsequently completely immersed in the solution. To do this, you can score columns from improvised materials.
  • Additionally, it is necessary to install vertical rods, which later provide a good connection of the bottom to the walls.
  • Mortgages are made – these are wooden boxes, thanks to which you can leave the technological holes.
  • Concrete mortar is better to order ready-made from the manufacturer. it necessary in order to simultaneously fill everything space. If cooking is done by hand, then several large concrete mixers will be required. Cement must be used no lower than brand M350.
  • The territory is carefully filled. After that it is necessary seal with a vibrator. The final touch will be Alignment using a vibrorail or rule.
  • In this state, the resulting plate must be left at 2 weeks.
  • Pool of foam blocksPool of foam blocks proceed with the construction of walls. They can be cast as monolithic, but it will take a lot of effort to set formwork. Another option would be to use hollow polystyrene foam blocks or foam blocks. You need to stack them like this so that the fittings that were installed vertically, went through the holes of the stone. Subsequently poured inside concrete mortar. In the course of masonry, it is necessary to provide for technological holes for lighting, as well as for skimmer.
  • Next, plaster is applied with a layer of 1 cm.
  • After drying, all planes are thoroughly wiped. Wherein you need to be careful that there are no large scratches, which may subsequently damage the waterproofing.
  • In the case when the walls were made of stone, their outer the side must be glued with polystyrene foam and tighten waterproofing. The latter will not allow moisture from the outside to destroy the material, and insulation will serve as a compensator for temperature extensions.
  • Waterproofing of the poolPool waterproofing All the inner space is covered with a special waterproofing composition. Next, a polymer composition is applied, which will provide complete tightness. He needs to be cleaned as soon as he grasps, because then it will be much harder to do.
  • The mosaic or tile is being laid. Stick her should be on a special polymer mixture, and not on a regular tiled glue.
  • The pool is being filled. In this state, he must stand for 2 weeks. If the water level holds, then it can be clean, connect all the required elements, add an antiseptic and to use.

Installation of the pool from polypropylene

Pool made of polypropylene manufacturingPool of polypropylene fabrication

With certain skills, the installation of such a pool is not take too much time. We will need polypropylene sheet (wall thickness from 8 mm), material for docking, technical hair dryer, planer.

  1. The first step is to prepare the bottom. For this sheets laid out on a flat surface.
  2. With a planer, a bevel is removed at an angle of 45 ° at the end, which will be glued.
  3. Installation of the poolInstallation of the pool Two elements close to each other.
  4. A special nozzle, which has a narrow nozzle, as well as a special blade for feeding the PP tape.
  5. Warming up gradually, the cord fits into the prepared a groove between two sheets.
  6. After the seam has cooled, the protruding part can be removed. chisel.
  7. The finished bottom can be set aside. The next step will be installation of stiffeners for the walls of the pool. For this cut strips. Their length should be 20 cm less than the height of the pool, width – 15‒20 cm. They are glued with an end to the outer part of the wall in the same manner as described, but without chamfering.
  8. The last step is to stick the walls to the bottom.

Stiffening ribStiffening rib

A pit is being prepared for the installation of such a structure, its dimensions should be larger than 10 cm on each side. The bottom should be flooded with a solution and stand. The vessel plunges into the middle. Into the space between the walls of the vessel and the pit gravel is poured and rammed well.

Polypropylene pool manufacturing technology shown below:

Filter system

The filter for the pool is an integral device that must be present. Without it it will be impossible use water for a long period time. It will need to be replaced frequently. Install the device can be near the pool itself, or in a specially prepared place. There are many ready-made options. For a small pool there is no need to take too powerful filter. If desired, you can assemble it yourself. For this need a plastic barrel of 100 liters. The main condition will be the presence of a cover that can be closed hermetically. Required centrifugal or drainage pump, plastic pipes, fittings and filter flask cartridge.

Filtration systemFiltration system

  • A hole is drilled below the neck of the container.
  • A threaded nipple is inserted into the hole. On both sides sealing gums are put on and locknuts are wound.
  • The same output is made 5 cm above the bottom diagonally.
  • A pipe is connected to the upper adapter, which will take water from the pool.
  • A filter cartridge is worn on the lower side. An external pump is connected. From the pump, a conclusion is made in pool.
  • Large sifted sand is poured half into the barrel.
  • The installation should be below the water level in the pool. The liquid will gravitate into the container. Passing through the sand cleaned and pumped back into the bowl.

With the right approach to business, the pool will serve more than one year. Concrete or polypropylene construction can be easily made in bathhouse or basement of the house. But this should be planned at the stage construction to avoid unpleasant consequences from uneven load.

Video

Below you will see a video tutorial on building concrete pool:

A photo

Small backyard poolSmall pool in the back yard

Ready capacity for the poolReady capacity for basin

PVC pool mounted in a concrete bowlPool PVC mounted in a concrete bowl

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