Table of contents:
- 1 Surface preparation
- 2 Tools required
- 3 Where to start?
- 4 Stacking
- 5 First row
- 6 Laying the second and subsequent rows of laminate
- 7 Last row
- 8 Laying diagonally: important points
- 8.1 Work steps
- 9 Video: laminate laying process
To date, the most attractive type of floor The coating is laminate. And the price of this material is affordable, and The appearance is attractive, and you can lay it yourself. Yes, and performance in many respects is not inferior to natural materials.
In order for the installation not to turn into disappointment, it should carefully familiarize yourself with the features of the technology. In this This article will give you step-by-step instructions for laying laminate flooring.
The first step in working with a laminate is to check the surface for the presence of differences. In case of floor differences of more than 2 mm per m2, the surface must be further leveled. It’s possible make using finishing self-leveling mixtures. Easy with them work, they dry out in a day, but this method is only suitable with differences slightly exceeding the norm. If there are large slopes and elevations, you can not do without screed.
Another option for a laminate base may be plywood flooring. Plywood can be used both in screed and in lags.
After leveling the floor to the same height level, you can proceed directly to work.
Stacking is done with the following tools:
- jigsaw or miter saw;
- building level of at least 2 m;
- 5 m tape measure;
- construction knife;
- steel square;
- laying set (it includes wedges and a tamping block).
You can save some and use instead of the tamping set, trim from the laminate that will remain in the process installation.
Consumables are ordinary plastic film that serves for waterproofing screeds, false material, adhesive tape and waterproof putty or sealant.
Since after installation you can not do without installing skirting boards, then additionally require a hammer drill or hammer drill, and for cutting out angles of 45 degrees will require a miter box.
Where to begin?
First you need to calculate the amount of laminate. It would seem already You can start installation. But first you need to make sure that the screed is dry. For this there is a proven grandfather way: to the floor a piece of film is laid, which is glued with tape on perimeter to the screed. If condensation comes out in the morning, then the screed not dry yet. In addition, the screed must be checked for cracks – the base of the tree should not creak or be mobile.
The laminate must be dried and let it rest. For this, his placed for several days in a room with a temperature of at least 18 ° C and humidity not more than 75%.
When everything is dry, you can cover the floor with waterproofing film, and on top of it lay a false material. Backing sheets stacked butt to each other, after which the joints are sealed masking tape. Adhesive tape makes subsequent work easier. because it prevents the displacement of sheets during installation.
First row laying
Usually, laminate begins to be laid from the far left corner rooms, while installation is carried out along the direction sunlight or along the longest side of the room. For ensuring maximum accuracy parallel to the wall cord and, guided by it, alignment is performed. When the curvature of the wall the first row is cut along the contour of the bend.
Planks are placed with a comb to the wall, joining the boards with the ends. Here it must be mentioned that there are two systems for laying laminate flooring: to glue and to the castle. The advantage of the castle system is that the coating can be laid on a warm floor (only with water heated), it is somewhat cheaper and simpler. But the glue system extends the life of the floor by at least several years due to the greater tightness of the coating.
In any case, adjusting the trims, you must remember that hammering directly on them is impossible. All fit should be done through a block or just a wooden block. Reaching the last slats, you need to measure, not forgetting about the technological gap, then cut the bar to the required length.
Laying the second and subsequent rows of laminate
Third row laying
The most spectacular laminate floor looks when panels assembled in a run. Yes, and butt welds with this method of assembly become less noticeable.
The most economical way to achieve this effect is use as the first board of the second row remaining pruning from the first. It should be noted: if the trim length less than 20 cm, then its use will give more likely negative visual effect.
The floor takes on an optimal appearance when scattering into a third of the board. TO unfortunately, if you deliberately cut off the third part of the panel for laying a new series, then inevitably a significant increase material consumption.
The second and subsequent rows of the laminate are laid as follows: at an angle of 20-30˚ the panel comb is inserted into the groove already laid, after which slowly aligned on the substrate.
Plastic mounting wedges
After laying the second row, the technological gap. It is located between the wall and the laid coating, and it Width must be at least 8 mm. This distance is provided installation of pre-prepared wooden wedges, and the main its purpose is to enable the laminate to “breathe”. With the same the purpose in rooms of large area should be done technological seam 20 mm wide in the middle of the room. Subsequently he hides behind a decorative level.
The important point is that the styling is “floating” way. Those. the panels should never be nailed or glued to the base. Skirting boards are attached to the walls, but not to the floor.
The last row
Last row setting
The most difficult may be laying the last row. However this will only happen if the distance between the penultimate row and wall will not be enough to put another row of panels. Then you have to cut the laminate boards in length in accordance with the contour of the wall and remaining unclosed area taking into account the technological seam.
In the case of a locking installation system, the floor is ready for use almost immediately. It is only necessary to trim the excess protruding film and substrate, as well as mount baseboards and decorative slats. If the laminate was laid on glue, then until when it will be possible to walk on the coating, at least days.
Diagonal styling: important points
Laying laminate by diagonals
You can also lay the laminate in a somewhat unusual way – by diagonals.
Material consumption will increase by 5-15%. This indicator is not is a constant, as in different rooms you have to adjust the lamellas, and, from which piece you have to cut off, the amount of waste received depends.
The optimum flooring angle is considered to be 45º, since it remains minimal waste and the best possible visual effect. If you need to do something else, then deviation when laying no more than 30º is allowed. Fit algorithm the lamellas are practically the same.
Stacking from the corner
About the preparation of the floor has already been written and there are no differences, therefore immediately proceed to the choice of the angle from which the installation will begin. If the direction of the seams is not important for you, but to choose the color or drawing is not necessary, it is best to start from the angle near which pass heating pipes or other communications – so you save yourself from the tedious fit of the lamellas at the final stage of laying coverings.
In order to properly cut the lamella, you need a corner or pattern with a pre-selected cutting angle.
A common cause of cost overruns is marking errors. planks and cutting them in the wrong direction.
It’s clear that each new row will have to be customized, cropping to size. Painstaking work requiring extreme attentiveness and concentration. If you post it for the first time the laminate on the diagonal, it is better to carefully measure and adjust each panel. It is also important to know that most of the segments can be used when installing the coating on the second half rooms when the direction of cut changes.
Video: laminate laying process