DIY garage construction

How to build a garage Table of contents:

  • 1 Garage Size
  • 2 Alternatives
  • 3 Place Selection
  • 4 We build according to the drawings
  • 5 videos

Before you start building your own home for car, you have to do a small but painstaking work. It is about designing and determining the optimal future location. designs.

Garage size

The scheme of the garage for one carSingle garage scheme a car

The approach here is purely individual, as in most Each garage is not just a place to sleep your car, but also a convenient utility room and place for repair equipment.

Appointment can be:

  • on one machine (designed only for its storage without repair and therefore no internal additional is required areas);
  • on one machine with tool storage space, spare parts and other necessary “little things” (shelves for them can be arrange at the end of the room or carefully place on one or two side walls);
  • on one car, taking into account the fact that here you will deal with it repair (then you will also need a “hole”);
  • on two machines with related needs reviewed higher.

The scheme of the garage for two carsDouble garage layout cars

If you have two cars in your family, then choose the appropriate option of those listed above, adjusted for the size of the second a car.

The average garage size for one car is 3 by 6 meters. But it’s better to make an individual project just for your car or for the car that you are going to purchase in soon (if it will be larger than the available you). To measure, park your vehicle on a large level ground, open all doors. Now it remains only to measure the resulting space, add the width of the passage (around the whole car), as well as the width of the shelves that you are going to hang on the walls. As a result of the calculations, you will get the internal size. To get the outer size, you need to add wall thickness (from all sides) taking into account internal and external decoration.

The height of the garage is also selected individually. Optimal 3 meters internal height is considered (after the installation of the floor and ceiling).

Alternatives

What could be a garageWhat could be a garage

If you do not have a large garden, you can combine with one of the following outbuildings:

  • with a pantry for food stocks – usually her attached to the end of the building, separating from it with a solid wall and performing a separate entrance to it;
  • with a gazebo – it can also be attached from the end of the building or place generally on the roof of the garage;
  • with additional room (this could be a living room with dignity node, office, etc.), which is usually located above car room and has a separate entrance from the yard or street on an external metal or reinforced concrete staircase.

Seat selection

Location of the garage on the siteGarage location on plot

The garage is usually located as close to the fence as possible, but here there are some nuances:

  • “move” it away from home if you intend to repair it own or other people’s cars;
  • back at least a meter away from the neighbors’ fence (this is the distance you will need to perform external repairs);

From the border of the site on the side of the road will have to retreat at least 5 meters.

We build according to the drawings

Now we’ll take a closer look at the construction process:

  • Like any large building, a garage must be built on project, even if drawn by hand.
  • Having decided on the size of the room, select the gate for it. They can be oar, retractable, sectional and lifting. If you you get a gate that was already in use take measurements and design the construction based on the finished sizes so you don’t have to do many unnecessary operations.
  • The next step is to choose the type of foundation and material from which you are going to build. Brick or small block will require foundation tape devices. Wood and metal construction the construction can be placed on a column foundation or just pour for it a concrete base plate with a thickness of about 15 cm (do not forget about the fittings that need to be laid in the process fill).

Garage drawingGarage drawing

  • The roof for the garage is usually made shed with fastening gutter and drain. The ramp can be sent to any side, except front.

Garage locationGarage Location

  • The next stage is the foundation device. Under the strip foundation you need to dig a trench, under the columnar – several small pits, under a continuous concrete slab – carefully tamp soil, pour about 5 cm cushion of gravel (it should also tamp), put the formwork, put waterproofing (it does not allow water from the ground to penetrate into the thickness of the concrete pillow and destroy it) and reinforcing mesh, pour concrete.

Construction of a pitched roofShed arrangement the roof

  • The time during which concrete gains 90% of its strength, is approximately 28 days. After hardening of concrete, on its surface lay waterproofing, for example, roofing material.

The upper part of the foundation (basement base) should protrude above the ground not less than 30-40 cm.

  • Install and secure (using braces) your existing swing gates (they will be fixed in the masonry as walling). If other door options are used, then some of them can be mounted at the end of all construction works.
  • Then you can start laying walls. Do not forget to wall make a vent.
  • Prepared wooden rafter legs, Mauerlat, treat the counter-crate and crate with an antiseptic and a flame retardant (this will protect the wood from bugs and translate it into a category slow-burning materials).
  • Mauerlat (wooden beam) is laid on top of the walls. section 120×120 or 100×100 mm) and fixed with anchor bolts.
  • Lay rafters along the roof slope, resting them on Mauerlat. In this case, the roof slope must comply with the normative for your chosen roofing material. Calculate loads and correspondence of the angle of inclination to the selected roofing material is possible in our pent roof calculator.
  • On top of the rafters is fixed with construction stapler windproof membrane.
  • On the rafters, on top of the membrane, we stuff counter-lattice, on it (perpendicularly) – a crate, the step of which depends on the roofing material used.
  • Roofing material is laid and fixed according to to the crate.
  • If necessary, insulation of the garage, non-combustible insulation (min.vat) fits between the rafters, and closes with inside with a vapor barrier layer.

Building the foundation of the garageFoundation construction the garage

  • The ceiling in the garage can be made of any suitable materials. (Particleboard, fiberboard, MDF panels, drywall, OSB and others).

Video

This video shows you how to create the best. conditions for the car using wall insulation and installation ventilation system:

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