DIY cinder block bath

Cinder block bath Table of contents:

  • 1 Designing
  • 2 Foundation
  • 3 Cinder block walls
  • 4 Roof for a bath
  • 5 Interior decoration and insulation
  • 6 Exterior
  • 7 videos
  • 8 Photos

Wall blocks made of concrete are popular material for the construction of buildings. Thanks to considerable the dimensions of the cinder block take less time to build. The material is fireproof, resistant to temperature fluctuations, not susceptible to fungus, affordable. Cinder block It is produced full-bodied and hollow, the latter is light in weight and low thermal conductivity. The quality of the material depends on the filler and compliance with manufacturing technology. Buy cinder block should be reputable sellers. Let’s see how it is built DIY cinder block bath.

Choosing this material for building a bath, you should know how to build a cinder block bath correctly, because construction is necessary to insulate and trim to give an aesthetic appearance. The bath will turn out inexpensive and durable, and work will take a little time.

Project drafting

Project of a cinder block bathBath project from cinder block

A do-it-yourself cinder block bath begins to be built with drawing up a plan for future construction. He will help determine the amount of material needed to build a bath. In the drawing windows and doors are marked, room sizes, all this allows for accurate calculate the amount of cinder block, insulation and finishing materials. There are many ready-made projects on the Internet that you can remake for the individual size of the bath.

Foundation laying

Shallow strip foundationShallow strip foundation

The type of foundation for the bath is selected after examining the soil on plot. When arranging a foundation for building on clay or peat soil will need a columnar or strip foundation and good waterproofing. A dense rocky area does not need foundation for an easy construction of cinder block.

The first stage of laying the foundation is marking the selected site and preparation for its work. With a tape device foundation a shallow trench is dug around the entire perimeter of the walls the buildings. The depth of the pit is 50 cm, the width is 40 cm. Then it is done formwork, the manufacture of which can be read here.

The depth of the laying of the strip foundation depends on the region, in which will be built bath. Even before pouring the foundation you need take care of laying the water supply and drainage pipes.

The pit needs to be sprinkled with sandYou need to pour a hole sand

Sand and gravel are poured at the bottom of the trench and carefully rammed. to create a pillow. Stones or broken brick are laid on it. Above is the formwork of the boards. Due to the high hygroscopicity of the cinder block it is necessary to raise the foundation to 50 cm above ground level. Concrete is poured into the removable formwork and It is covered for several days with a film from moisture loss.

Frozen concrete is treated with 2–3 layers of bitumen mastic on top to create a reliable waterproofing of the foundation or cover with two layers of roofing material.

Arranging the foundation of the building, at the same time laying the foundation under the stove. It is carried out by analogy with the general foundation, but not comes in contact with him.

Cinder block walls

Masonry of cinder blocksCinder block masonry

Before you build a cinder block bath, you must set corners and fasten the rows between which pull the cord for orientation when laying cinder blocks. Wall masonry is done similar to brick, cement-sand is used for the connection solution. In order for the stone to lie firmly on the solution, it is necessary tapping the back of the trowel. To give walls strength a reinforcing mesh is laid in two rows. Block solution applied with a trowel, excess removed. Between adjacent stones there remains a seam of 1 cm, it is filled with a solution.

Types of building blocks and their sizesTypes of building blocks and their sizes

A stretched cord will help when laying the most difficult first row. Each next row is performed with an offset.

Starting from the third row, you should often check the horizontal and the vertical level of the wall being erected. You need to start work from angle and move on to the opposite. When erecting walls in openings leave openings for windows and doors.

Roof for a bath

RoofRoof

After the end of the laying of the walls, they begin to erect the roof. For she will need a beam or logs of at least 10 cm in diameter. For his reliable fixation left openings in the walls. Ceiling beams will become the basis of the roof. A simpler and cheaper option is a pitched roof, but it requires cleaning from snow and does not give free space under the roof, so it is often used gable form. Log locations require waterproofing roofing material or protective mastic.

Preparation of the rafter systemRafter preparation the system

The rafter system is assembled on the ground according to the intended project, and then rises to the roof and attaches to the beams. Tilt angle choose according to the rainfall in the region, the more the angle, the sharper the roof. For rafters, a beam of 60 × 60 cm is taken, blanks are made in the shape of a triangle. Vertical Installation is checked by level. A lath is attached to the rafters, the distance between the slats depends on the type of roof:

  • for a soft roof – 1 cm;
  • slate – 15–20 cm;
  • Decking – 30-40 cm.

Interior decoration and insulation

Interior decoration and insulation

The floor of the bath is made concrete, and under it is laid sewer pipe for water drainage (and if necessary, then water pipes). The floor can be ceramic tiles, and then cover with wooden flooring.

Before finishing, all communications are carried out: electricity, water supply.

The room needs waterproofing. A bar is mounted on the walls 50 × 50 mm, and a heater is placed between the crate and closed foil film. When choosing how to insulate a bath, stop at mineral wool. This is an inexpensive and reliable material.

The most common material for interior decoration there is a wooden lining. Planks are pre-processed antiseptic. For their fastening, a new lathing from slats 50 × 30 mm.

The crate is packed in the opposite direction in which lining will be produced. That is, if the lining is fixed horizontally, then the crate must be filled vertically.

Exterior finish

Finishing the bath sidingFinishing the bath siding

Facing a cinder block bath is necessary not only for beauty, but also in order to protect the material from destruction. Walls plastered in two layers, and then sheathed with vinyl siding or revetted with a decorative brick.

To choose a suitable bath project, you can consider numerous photos, and the process of work will become clearer after watching a video about the construction technology.

Video

This video demonstrates the laying of the walls of a cinder block bath:

Find out about the cinder block, what are its pros and cons:

Find out about the cinder block, what are its pros and cons:

A photo

The construction processConstruction process

Little cinder block bathLittle bath from cinder block

The roof of the bath with the verandaRoofing bathhouse tailored verandas

Under the OndulinUnder Ondulin

Ready bathReady bath

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